Ecuador WFP
WFP is providing emergency food assistance for Venezuelans as they arrive in Ecuador.
World Food Program

Latest Venezuela Regional
Fact Sheet

Hoja informativa en español [pdf, 375kb]

Key Developments

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) are responding to a complex emergency stemming from an influx of people fleeing an economic and political crisis in Venezuela to neighboring countries, including BrazilColombia, Ecuador, and Peru.

Approximately 330,000 Venezuelans were residing in Ecuador as of early September, according to the Regional Interagency Coordination Platform for Refugees and Migrants from Venezuela, led by the International Organization for Migration and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). Priority needs among Venezuelan populations include access to food, livelihood opportunities, legal information, psychosocial support services, immigration support, and shelter, humanitarian organizations report. In FY 2019, the U.S. Government provided nearly $44.7 million to support the delivery of multi-sector support, including emergency food assistance, in Ecuador.

The Government of Ecuador (GoE) announced on August 14 that Venezuelans seeking to enter the country would be required to request a humanitarian visa online through the GoE Ministry of Foreign Affairs; previously, the GoE only required Venezuelans to have a national identification card to enter Ecuador. From August 23 to 25, more than 11,000 Venezuelans entered Ecuador through the Rumichaca crossing, along the Colombia–Ecuador border, prior to the implementation of the new measure on August 26. In response, the Colombian Red Cross and GoC officials distributed food, safe drinking water, and winterization supplies, while UNHCR provided relief commodities, to populations at the border. As of August 28, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies reported shelter gaps at Rumichaca due to the recent influx of individuals in the area.

In August, USAID partner the UN World Food Program (WFP) reached approximately 99,900 people with food assistance across 10 of Ecuador’s 24 provinces, bringing the total number of individuals reached since January to more than 278,000 people. WFP activities include delivering monthly food vouchers to vulnerable groups, such as pregnant and lactating women, households with young children, and older people; providing food kits at migration checkpoints; and distributing hot meals at shelters and community kitchens.


Since 2014, deteriorating economic and political conditions in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela—marked by devastating hyperinflation—have contributed to increasing humanitarian needs. Severe food and medicine shortages have triggered an influx of Venezuelans into neighboring countries, including Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Trinidad and Tobago. The UN estimates that more than 4.3 million Venezuelans have left their country since 2014, with displacement projected to reach at least 5.3 million by the end of 2019.

In addition to being impacted by the Venezuela Regional Crisis, Ecuador is vulnerable to a range of natural hazards, including earthquakes, forest fires, and volcanic eruptions. In April and May 2016, USAID/OFDA, USAID/FFP, and the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) coordinated with the Government of Ecuador (GoE) to address humanitarian needs resulting from an April 16 earthquake that severely affected populations in Ecuador’s coastal provinces of Esmeraldas and Manabí. The U.S. Government contributed nearly $3 million to the Ecuador earthquake response, including through the provision of critically needed relief supplies and other humanitarian assistance, as well as technical support for search-and-rescue efforts, structural assessments, and air traffic control operations in order to augment the capacity of humanitarian actors to deliver relief items to affected areas.

USAID/OFDA is supporting the Venezuela complex emergency regional response. Please visit our web page for additional information.

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Last updated: October 07, 2019

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