Democratic Republic of the Congo

Cash-for-work programs supported by USAID/OFDA enable conflict-affected Congolese to earn income for themselves and their famili
Cash-for-work programs supported by USAID/OFDA enable conflict-affected Congolese to earn income for themselves and their families.
Kirsti Lattu/USAID

Latest DRC Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

Conflict and insecurity from January 1–September 30, 2016, displaced nearly 547,000
people in Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), according to the UN. Overall, the
country had approximately 1.9 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) at the end of
September, with more than 44 percent of IDPs residing in North Kivu Province. Armed
violence and insecurity prompted nearly all—nearly 93 percent—of the country’s internal
displacement, the UN reports.

Protests and insecurity over DRC President Joseph Kabila’s refusal to leave office at the
end of his presidential term on December 19, 2016, resulted in approximately 40 deaths
as of late December, according to the UN. Political and security conditions prompted
numerous international non-governmental organizations and UN agencies to
temporarily suspend or limit activities, relocate staff, and encourage non-essential staff to
take leave. Government and opposition actors agreed on December 31 to maintain
President Kabila’s position until national elections in late 2017, with further discussions
on the agreement’s implementation planned for the coming days, media report.

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance, USAID's Office of Food for Peace, and U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration committed an additional $27.7 million for the DRC response since early August, addressing the food, health, and other basic needs of conflict-affected people. This brings the total U.S. Government humanitarian contribution in FY 2016 to $162.9 million.

Background

Since the implementation of a peace agreement in 2003, fighting between forces loyal to the Kinshasa government and various armed groups, including the Allied Democratic Forces–National Army for the Liberation of Uganda, Mai-Mai militants, the National Congress for the Defense of the People (CNDP), M23, and the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR), has contributed to high levels of insecurity and population displacement in eastern DRC.

The recently established U.N. Organization Stabilization Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO) Intervention Brigade supported the Armed Forces of the DRC (FARDC) in its successful operations against M23, which was defeated and withdrew from areas of operation in October 2013. FARDC and MONSUCO are reportedly refocusing attention toward other armed groups operating in eastern DRC.

Violence, restricted humanitarian access, poor infrastructure, forced recruitment into armed groups, and reduced access to agricultural land and traditional markets have contributed to the deterioration of humanitarian conditions in DRC and triggered mass internal displacement and refugee outflows.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: January 09, 2017

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