Democratic Republic of the Congo

Cash-for-work programs supported by USAID/OFDA enable conflict-affected Congolese to earn income for themselves and their famili
Cash-for-work programs supported by USAID/OFDA enable conflict-affected Congolese to earn income for themselves and their families.
Kirsti Lattu/USAID

Key Developments

In late 2015 and early 2016, clashes between armed actors and UN peacekeepers and government soldiers continued to result in deaths and population displacement across eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), particularly in North Kivu Province.

A November 2015 food security assessment found an approximately 31 percent decline in the population experiencing acute food insecurity compared to late 2014. Despite the improvement, nearly 4.5 million people in DRC remain acutely food-insecure.

In FY 2015 and to date in FY 2016, the U.S. government has provided more than $202 million in humanitarian assistance to support conflict-affected populations in DRC. In January 2016, USAID’s Office of Food for Peace provided an additional $10 million in emergency food assistance, while USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance partners assessed priority humanitarian needs and provided water, sanitation, and hygiene support to newly displaced populations and host communities. In addition, the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration continued to provide life-saving emergency assistance to support more than 247,000 refugees sheltering in DRC.


Since the implementation of a peace agreement in 2003, fighting between forces loyal to the Kinshasa government and various armed groups, including the Allied Democratic Forces–National Army for the Liberation of Uganda, Mai-Mai militants, the National Congress for the Defense of the People (CNDP), M23, and the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR), has contributed to high levels of insecurity and population displacement in eastern DRC.

The recently established U.N. Organization Stabilization Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO) Intervention Brigade supported the Armed Forces of the DRC (FARDC) in its successful operations against M23, which was defeated and withdrew from areas of operation in October 2013. FARDC and MONSUCO are reportedly refocusing attention toward other armed groups operating in eastern DRC.

Violence, restricted humanitarian access, poor infrastructure, forced recruitment into armed groups, and reduced access to agricultural land and traditional markets have contributed to the deterioration of humanitarian conditions in DRC and triggered mass internal displacement and refugee outflows.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: February 05, 2016

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