Democratic Republic of the Congo

Cash-for-work programs supported by USAID/OFDA enable conflict-affected Congolese to earn income for themselves and their famili
Cash-for-work programs supported by USAID/OFDA enable conflict-affected Congolese to earn income for themselves and their families.
Kirsti Lattu/USAID

 

Key Developments

 

Between late March and mid-April, clashes between the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and armed groups near the Mpati area, North Kivu Province, affected at least 45,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs). The precarious security situation has also limited humanitarian access to affected populations.

Overall security in eastern areas of DRC continues to deteriorate, with multiple active armed groups and increasing criminality.

Between January and late March, health actors recorded more than 5,700 cases of cholera in DRC. The outbreak is most pronounced in Haut-Katanga, Haut-Lomami, Lualaba, and Tanganyika provinces; these areas account for approximately 2,600 of all cases recorded during the first quarter of 2016.

In FY 2015 and to date in FY 2016, the U.S. Government (USG) has provided more than $247 million in humanitarian assistance for the DRC response. USG funding supports multiple response sectors, including health, food security, and protection.

Background

Since the implementation of a peace agreement in 2003, fighting between forces loyal to the Kinshasa government and various armed groups, including the Allied Democratic Forces–National Army for the Liberation of Uganda, Mai-Mai militants, the National Congress for the Defense of the People (CNDP), M23, and the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR), has contributed to high levels of insecurity and population displacement in eastern DRC.

The recently established U.N. Organization Stabilization Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO) Intervention Brigade supported the Armed Forces of the DRC (FARDC) in its successful operations against M23, which was defeated and withdrew from areas of operation in October 2013. FARDC and MONSUCO are reportedly refocusing attention toward other armed groups operating in eastern DRC.

Violence, restricted humanitarian access, poor infrastructure, forced recruitment into armed groups, and reduced access to agricultural land and traditional markets have contributed to the deterioration of humanitarian conditions in DRC and triggered mass internal displacement and refugee outflows.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: June 03, 2016

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