Democratic Republic of the Congo

Cash-for-work programs supported by USAID/OFDA enable conflict-affected Congolese to earn income for themselves and their famili
Cash-for-work programs supported by USAID/OFDA enable conflict-affected Congolese to earn income for themselves and their families.
Kirsti Lattu/USAID

Latest DRC Fact Sheet


Key Developments

In recent months, insecurity and attacks by armed actors in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), particularly in North Kivu Province, have resulted in dozens of civilian deaths, the temporary abduction of humanitarian personnel, significant population displacement, and reduced humanitarian access, according to the UN.

The UN World Health Organization recently declared that the yellow fever outbreak in DRC—which began in early 2016—is under control, as health workers countrywide have not recorded a new case since mid-July. The Government of DRC and health workers have vaccinated more than 10.7 million people against the disease since January.

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance, USAID's Office of Food for Peace, and U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration committed an additional $27.7 million for the DRC response since early August, addressing the food, health, and other basic needs of conflict-affected people. This brings the total U.S. Government humanitarian contribution in FY 2016 to $162.9 million.


Since the implementation of a peace agreement in 2003, fighting between forces loyal to the Kinshasa government and various armed groups, including the Allied Democratic Forces–National Army for the Liberation of Uganda, Mai-Mai militants, the National Congress for the Defense of the People (CNDP), M23, and the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR), has contributed to high levels of insecurity and population displacement in eastern DRC.

The recently established U.N. Organization Stabilization Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO) Intervention Brigade supported the Armed Forces of the DRC (FARDC) in its successful operations against M23, which was defeated and withdrew from areas of operation in October 2013. FARDC and MONSUCO are reportedly refocusing attention toward other armed groups operating in eastern DRC.

Violence, restricted humanitarian access, poor infrastructure, forced recruitment into armed groups, and reduced access to agricultural land and traditional markets have contributed to the deterioration of humanitarian conditions in DRC and triggered mass internal displacement and refugee outflows.

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Last updated: October 13, 2016

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