Democratic Republic of the Congo

Cash-for-work programs supported by USAID/OFDA enable conflict-affected Congolese to earn income for themselves and their famili
Cash-for-work programs supported by USAID/OFDA enable conflict-affected Congolese to earn income for themselves and their families.
Kirsti Lattu/USAID

 

Key Developments

Armed violence continues to drive population displacement and humanitarian needs in the Kasaï region, resulting in approximately 1.4 million new internally displaced persons since August 2016; an additional 33,000 people have fled to Angola since April 2017, the UN reports.

Intercommunal fighting and insecurity throughout July and August have prompted population movements in Haut-Katanga, North Kivu, South Kivu, and Tanganyika provinces, exacerbating food insecurity and the risk of disease outbreaks in affected areas. In response, relief actors, including USAID partners, are providing emergency assistance to affected populations.

As of June 2017, an estimated 7.7 million people in Democratic Republic of the Congo were experiencing acute food insecurity, a 30 percent increase compared to the 5.9 million acutely food-insecure people identified in June 2016, according to the latest Integrated Food Security Phase Classification analysis.

Background

Since the implementation of a peace agreement in 2003, fighting between forces loyal to the Kinshasa government and various armed groups, including the Allied Democratic Forces–National Army for the Liberation of Uganda, Mai-Mai militants, the National Congress for the Defense of the People (CNDP), M23, and the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR), has contributed to high levels of insecurity and population displacement in eastern DRC.

The recently established U.N. Organization Stabilization Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO) Intervention Brigade supported the Armed Forces of the DRC (FARDC) in its successful operations against M23, which was defeated and withdrew from areas of operation in October 2013. FARDC and MONSUCO are reportedly refocusing attention toward other armed groups operating in eastern DRC.

Violence, restricted humanitarian access, poor infrastructure, forced recruitment into armed groups, and reduced access to agricultural land and traditional markets have contributed to the deterioration of humanitarian conditions in DRC and triggered mass internal displacement and refugee outflows.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: August 28, 2017

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