Democratic Republic of the Congo

Save the Children.
With violence in DRC's Kasai region continuing to destroy infrastructure and force people from their homes, USAID is working with partners to provide essential healthcare and other critical assistance to vulnerable people in remote communities.
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Key Developments

The Interagency Standing Committee announced the activation of a system-wide Level 3 (L3) response for the DRC on October 20, focusing on the Kasaï region and South Kivu and Tanganyika provinces. L3 responses are activated in the most complex humanitarian emergencies, where the highest level of mobilization across the humanitarian system is required to scale up and meet needs, according to the UN.

In late October, U.S. Permanent Representative to the UN Ambassador Nikki R. Haley met with Government of DRC officials and observed humanitarian conditions in the Mungote internally displaced person camp in North Kivu Province’s Kitchanga town. During the visit, Ambassador Haley discussed the need for improved security conditions and a cessation of hostilities in eastern DRC.

The UN anticipates that 13.1 million people in DRC will require emergency assistance in 2018, as violent conflict continues to deteriorate humanitarian conditions. The 2018 Global Humanitarian Overview appeals for nearly $1.7 billion to respond to emergency needs in DRC, representing the third largest appeal after Syria and Yemen.

Background

Despite the implementation of a peace agreement in 2003, ongoing fighting between forces loyal to the Government of the DRC and various armed entities—including the Allied Democratic Forces, the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda, and Mai-Mai militants—has contributed to high levels of insecurity and population displacement in eastern DRC. In addition, intensified fighting between the Armed Forces of DRC and local militia in central DRC’s Kasaï region since August 2016 has generated new humanitarian needs in the country. Humanitarian access constraints, poor infrastructure, forced recruitment into armed groups, reduced access to agricultural land and traditional markets, and violence have contributed to the deterioration of humanitarian conditions in DRC and mass internal displacement and refugee outflows since 2016.

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Last updated: January 26, 2018

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