Democratic Republic of the Congo

Cash-for-work programs supported by USAID/OFDA enable conflict-affected Congolese to earn income for themselves and their famili
Cash-for-work programs supported by USAID/OFDA enable conflict-affected Congolese to earn income for themselves and their families.
Kirsti Lattu/USAID


Key Developments

Fighting among armed groups and intercommunal tensions continue to worsen humanitarian conditions and impede response operations in Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). In particular, violence in Kasaï, Kasaï-Central, and Kasaï-Oriental provinces and clashes between the Batwa and Luba ethnic groups in Tanganyika Province have exacerbated humanitarian needs and prompted new displacement.

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance and USAID's Office of Food for Peace staff traveled with UN Humanitarian Coordinator for DRC Dr. Mamadou Diallo to Tanganyika in mid-March to assess humanitarian needs and monitor ongoing response efforts. Following the assessment, the UN estimated that $40 million was required to cover humanitarian needs in the province.

In February, the UN launched a three-year, $2.3 billion Humanitarian Response Plan for DRC, requesting $748 million during 2017 to assist approximately 6.7 million people. International donors had provided nearly $30 million, or 4 percent of the requested amount, as of April 3.


Since the implementation of a peace agreement in 2003, fighting between forces loyal to the Kinshasa government and various armed groups, including the Allied Democratic Forces–National Army for the Liberation of Uganda, Mai-Mai militants, the National Congress for the Defense of the People (CNDP), M23, and the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR), has contributed to high levels of insecurity and population displacement in eastern DRC.

The recently established U.N. Organization Stabilization Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO) Intervention Brigade supported the Armed Forces of the DRC (FARDC) in its successful operations against M23, which was defeated and withdrew from areas of operation in October 2013. FARDC and MONSUCO are reportedly refocusing attention toward other armed groups operating in eastern DRC.

Violence, restricted humanitarian access, poor infrastructure, forced recruitment into armed groups, and reduced access to agricultural land and traditional markets have contributed to the deterioration of humanitarian conditions in DRC and triggered mass internal displacement and refugee outflows.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: April 04, 2017

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