Democratic Republic of the Congo

Cash-for-work programs supported by USAID/OFDA enable conflict-affected Congolese to earn income for themselves and their famili
Cash-for-work programs supported by USAID/OFDA enable conflict-affected Congolese to earn income for themselves and their families.
Kirsti Lattu/USAID

 

Key Developments

Intensified clashes between the Armed Forces of Democratic Republic of the Congo and local militia have displaced nearly 1.3 million people in the Kasaï region since August 2016, with an additional 30,000 people fleeing to Angola since April 2017, the UN reports. In response, the U.S. government (USG) declared a disaster for the crisis in the Kasaï region on May 4.

On April 25, the Government of DRC and the UN launched a flash appeal requesting $64.5 million in emergency assistance to support approximately 731,000 people affected by recent conflict in the Kasaï region for up to six months.

Since April, the USG has provided an additional $51.6 million in funding to respond to urgent humanitarian needs in DRC, including in the Kasaï region. The total includes nearly $35.2 million from U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration to protect and support internally displaced persons and refugees in DRC, more than $16 million in multi-sector assistance from USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance and more than $345,000 from USAID’s Office of Food for Peace for countrywide emergency assistance.

Background

Since the implementation of a peace agreement in 2003, fighting between forces loyal to the Kinshasa government and various armed groups, including the Allied Democratic Forces–National Army for the Liberation of Uganda, Mai-Mai militants, the National Congress for the Defense of the People (CNDP), M23, and the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR), has contributed to high levels of insecurity and population displacement in eastern DRC.

The recently established U.N. Organization Stabilization Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO) Intervention Brigade supported the Armed Forces of the DRC (FARDC) in its successful operations against M23, which was defeated and withdrew from areas of operation in October 2013. FARDC and MONSUCO are reportedly refocusing attention toward other armed groups operating in eastern DRC.

Violence, restricted humanitarian access, poor infrastructure, forced recruitment into armed groups, and reduced access to agricultural land and traditional markets have contributed to the deterioration of humanitarian conditions in DRC and triggered mass internal displacement and refugee outflows.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: June 30, 2017

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