Democratic Republic of the Congo

USAID is responding to an Ebola outbreak in DRC’s North Kivu and Ituri provinces, working with partners to boost infection prevention and control, upgrade water, sanitation, and hygiene infrastructure at health facilities, raise awareness about Ebola in communities, and provide other life-saving assistance.
USAID is responding to an Ebola outbreak in DRC’s North Kivu and Ituri provinces, working with partners to boost infection prevention and control, upgrade water, sanitation, and hygiene infrastructure at health facilities, raise awareness about Ebola in communities, and provide other life-saving assistance.
Kellie Ryan/International Rescue Committee

Key Developments

Armed conflict and violence against civilians continue to cause new displacement and exacerbate humanitarian needs in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). From January to late November, the Armed Conflict Location and Event Data project recorded nearly 3,300 conflict-related fatalities, most of which occurred in the DRC’s Ituri, North Kivu, and South Kivu provinces.

Ongoing cholera and measles outbreaks are exacerbating humanitarian needs among people who have already been affected by acute food insecurity, armed conflict, and the Ebola outbreak. USAID has provided more than $266 million to help stop this outbreak, and USAID's Disaster Assistance Response Team is leading and coordinating the U.S. response efforts.

One of the challenges in fighting this outbreak is that it's in an active conflict zone. Many people living there, and throughout the country, are already in need of humanitarian aid. The United States has provided nearly $344 million in life-saving assistance to people affected by the ongoing fighting. In addition, the U.S. is providing safe drinking water and critical relief supplies to those who have been impacted by the recent flooding.

Background

Despite the implementation of a peace agreement in 2003, ongoing fighting between forces loyal to the Government of the DRC and various armed entities has contributed to high levels of insecurity and population displacement in eastern DRC. In addition, intensified fighting in central DRC’s Kasaï region since August 2016 generated new humanitarian needs that have persisted despite improved security conditions. Violence, restricted humanitarian access, poor infrastructure, forced recruitment into armed groups, and reduced access to agricultural land and traditional markets have contributed to the deterioration of humanitarian conditions in the DRC and triggered mass internal displacement and refugee outflows. Additionally the country has seen large-scale epidemics, including outbreaks of cholera, Ebola and measles. On October 22, 2019, U.S. Ambassador Michael A. Hammer redeclared a disaster in eastern DRC due to ongoing humanitarian needs specifically resulting from the Ebola outbreak; Ambassador Hammer reissued a separate disaster declaration for the complex emergency on November 7, 2019, and declared a disaster due to the humanitarian impact of flooding on November 27, 2019. In October and November 2019, heavy rainfall and resultant flooding adversely affected nearly 380,000 people across northern DRC, primarily in Nord-Ubangi and Sud-Ubangi provinces.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: December 05, 2019

Share This Page