Democratic Republic of the Congo

Cash-for-work programs supported by USAID/OFDA enable conflict-affected Congolese to earn income for themselves and their famili
Cash-for-work programs supported by USAID/OFDA enable conflict-affected Congolese to earn income for themselves and their families.
Kirsti Lattu/USAID

Latest DRC Fact Sheet

Key Developments

In early September, UN Assistant Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Deputy Emergency Relief Coordinator (ASG/ERC) Kyung-wha Kang traveled to North Kivu and South Kivu provinces to assess the humanitarian situation, discuss access constraints, and call for increased international support to the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). During the visit, ASG/ERC Kang met with local authorities and relief organizations and advocated for additional linkages between humanitarian and development interventions to improve the current humanitarian situation and facilitate internally displaced person (IDP) returns.

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) recently provided more than $11 million to support humanitarian response efforts in DRC, bringing total USAID/OFDA assistance for DRC in FY 2015 to more than $49 million. USAID/OFDA programs deliver emergency relief commodities, support life-saving health services, improve access to safe drinking water, and respond to the protection needs of IDPs and other conflict-affected populations in DRC.


Since the implementation of a peace agreement in 2003, fighting between forces loyal to the Kinshasa government and various armed groups, including the Allied Democratic Forces–National Army for the Liberation of Uganda, Mai-Mai militants, the National Congress for the Defense of the People (CNDP), M23, and the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR), has contributed to high levels of insecurity and population displacement in eastern DRC.

The recently established U.N. Organization Stabilization Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO) Intervention Brigade supported the Armed Forces of the DRC (FARDC) in its successful operations against M23, which was defeated and withdrew from areas of operation in October 2013. FARDC and MONSUCO are reportedly refocusing attention toward other armed groups operating in eastern DRC.

Violence, restricted humanitarian access, poor infrastructure, forced recruitment into armed groups, and reduced access to agricultural land and traditional markets have contributed to the deterioration of humanitarian conditions in DRC and triggered mass internal displacement and refugee outflows.

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Last updated: October 21, 2015

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