Democratic Republic of the Congo

Cash-for-work programs supported by USAID/OFDA enable conflict-affected Congolese to earn income for themselves and their famili
Cash-for-work programs supported by USAID/OFDA enable conflict-affected Congolese to earn income for themselves and their families.
Kirsti Lattu/USAID

 

Key Developments

Violence in North Kivu Province’s Rutshuru Territory in June and July displaced an estimated 70,000 people, according to the UN. Insecurity also forced some relief organizations to temporarily suspend activities in areas of the province.

The Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (GoDRC) declared a yellow fever outbreak in three provinces on June 20. Health actors had recorded nearly 1,800 suspected cases, including more than 300 deaths, as of July 26, according the UN. The GoDRC Ministry of Health plans to vaccinate approximately 11.6 million people in affected areas in the coming months.

Since late April, the U.S. Government has provided more than $64 million in additional humanitarian assistance—comprising approximately $38 million from USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance and nearly $26 million from U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration—for the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) response, bringing total USG FY 2016 humanitarian assistance for DRC to more than $135 million.

Background

Since the implementation of a peace agreement in 2003, fighting between forces loyal to the Kinshasa government and various armed groups, including the Allied Democratic Forces–National Army for the Liberation of Uganda, Mai-Mai militants, the National Congress for the Defense of the People (CNDP), M23, and the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR), has contributed to high levels of insecurity and population displacement in eastern DRC.

The recently established U.N. Organization Stabilization Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO) Intervention Brigade supported the Armed Forces of the DRC (FARDC) in its successful operations against M23, which was defeated and withdrew from areas of operation in October 2013. FARDC and MONSUCO are reportedly refocusing attention toward other armed groups operating in eastern DRC.

Violence, restricted humanitarian access, poor infrastructure, forced recruitment into armed groups, and reduced access to agricultural land and traditional markets have contributed to the deterioration of humanitarian conditions in DRC and triggered mass internal displacement and refugee outflows.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: August 03, 2016

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