Chad

A USAID/OFDA staff member (foreground) meets with a men’s group in Chad while conducting a field visit
A USAID/OFDA staff member (foreground) meets with a men’s group in Chad while conducting a field visit to assess conditions during the 2012 food insecurity crisis.
Terry Wollen/USAID

Key Developments

USAID is responding to the complex emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region, including NigeriaCameroonChad, and Niger.

In Fiscal Year 2019, the U.S. Government (USG) provided nearly $27.6 million—including approximately $25.9 million from USAID and $1.7 million from the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (State/PRM)—to support the humanitarian response in Chad. The response in Chad is part of a larger response across the Lake Chad Basin, for which the USG has provided approximately $469 million in FY 2019 humanitarian funding.

According to the UN, approximately 486,000 people require humanitarian assistance in Chad’s Lac Region—an area that hosts more than 133,000 internally displaced persons and nearly 16,000 Nigerian refugees.

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) projects that populations in Lac will face Stressed—Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) 2—outcomes through at least January, with current and programmed humanitarian efforts preventing deterioration to Crisis levels of acute food insecurity across the region through early 2020. FEWS NET also reports that acute malnutrition is growing in Lac due to seasonal increases in rates of waterborne diseases, respiratory infections, and malaria.

A USAID non-governmental organization partner is supporting the delivery of essential health care and nutrition services to internally displaced persons and host community members in Lac through nearly 20 primary health facilities. In July, more than 4,200 individuals received medical services at the facilities. USAID is additionally funding the UN Humanitarian Air Service to provide air transportation and logistical support to humanitarian workers across Chad.

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Background

Attacks by Boko Haram in Lac, which began in January 2015, continue to prompt displacement—including population movement of Chadian returnees and refugees from neighboring Nigeria—and exacerbate food insecurity and other humanitarian needs. Deteriorating security conditions in the region have also impeded humanitarian response efforts. On October 29, 2018, U.S. Chargé d’Affaires Richard K. Bell redeclared a disaster for FY 2019 due to the ongoing complex emergency in Chad.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: November 21, 2019

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