Central African Republic

An estimated 2.4 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in the Central African Republic.
An estimated 2.4 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in the Central African Republic.
Fred Dufour, AFP

Latest Central African Republic
Fact Sheet

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Key Developments

The Government of Central African Republic (CARG) and 14 armed groups initiated a peace accord in the country’s capital city of Bangui on February 6. The agreement could potentially alter the humanitarian context in the Central African Republic (CAR), where ongoing and significant humanitarian needs persist due to protracted conflict.

On January 7, the CARG and the UN launched the 2019 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) for CAR, requesting nearly $431 million to provide humanitarian assistance to 1.7 million people countrywide in 2019. The UN estimates that 2.9 million people will require emergency aid in CAR, representing a 16 percent increase from 2018.

Vulnerable populations in CAR will likely continue to face Crisis—IPC 3—or worse levels of acute food insecurity through September 2019, the Famine Early Warning Systems Network reports. 4 In response, USAID's Office of Food for Peace partners are providing emergency food assistance, including in-kind food aid and food vouchers, to food-insecure populations throughout CAR.

Background

In opposition to then-President François Bozizé, the Séléka armed opposition alliance entered the capital city of Bangui on March 24, 2013, effectively seizing control of the country and triggering a period of widespread violence. Security conditions deteriorated further in December 2013 when clashes erupted between the now-dissolved Séléka alliance and anti-Balaka groups composed of armed fighters that opposed ex- Séléka forces. Following a nearly three-year transitional period, CAR held presidential elections in December 2015 and February 2016, resulting in the election of President Faustin-Archange Touandéra. Conflict between armed groups has persisted across much of CAR in 2017; however, armed groups have fragmented and reformed among various alliances, complicating the ongoing crisis.

The security situation throughout CAR remains volatile, with continued attacks against civilians, humanitarian workers, and peacekeeping forces. While relief agencies are working to assist conflict-affected populations, ongoing insecurity and logistical constraints have impeded humanitarian operations, particularly in more remote areas of CAR.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: March 25, 2019

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