Central African Republic

An estimated 2.4 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in the Central African Republic.
An estimated 2.4 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in the Central African Republic.
Fred Dufour, AFP

Latest Central African Republic
Fact Sheet

Key Developments

Population displacement in the Central African Republic (CAR) continues to increase due to ongoing violence, with the number of internally displaced persons increasing by more than 70 percent since early 2017, the UN reports. As of mid-January, approximately 688,000 people remained internally displaced while 546,000 Central African refugees were sheltering in neighboring countries.

Clashes between armed groups in mid-to-late December had displaced approximately 78,000 people from Ouham-Pendé Prefecture’s Paoua town as of mid-January, according to the UN. Despite ongoing insecurity, relief organizations—including USAID partners—are coordinating to provide emergency humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

USAID’s Office of Food for Peace continues to support the UN World Food Program to distribute emergency food assistance to vulnerable populations in CAR, providing the UN agency with an estimated $14.9 million to date in FY 2018.


In opposition to then-President François Bozizé, the Séléka armed opposition alliance entered the capital city of Bangui on March 24, 2013, effectively seizing control of the country and triggering a period of widespread violence. Security conditions deteriorated further in December 2013 when clashes erupted between the now-dissolved Séléka alliance and anti-Balaka groups composed of armed fighters that opposed ex- Séléka forces. Following a nearly three-year transitional period, CAR held presidential elections in December 2015 and February 2016, resulting in the election of President Faustin-Archange Touandéra. Conflict between armed groups has persisted across much of CAR in 2017; however, armed groups have fragmented and reformed among various alliances, complicating the ongoing crisis.

The security situation throughout CAR remains volatile, with continued attacks against civilians, humanitarian workers, and peacekeeping forces. While relief agencies are working to assist conflict-affected populations, ongoing insecurity and logistical constraints have impeded humanitarian operations, particularly in more remote areas of CAR.

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Last updated: February 13, 2018

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