Central African Republic

An estimated 2.4 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in the Central African Republic.
An estimated 2.4 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in the Central African Republic.
Fred Dufour, AFP

Latest Central African Republic
Fact Sheet

Key Developments

Heavy rainfall in the Central African Republic (CAR) has triggered severe flooding, destroying more than 10,000 houses and affecting tens of thousands of people. USAID is working to provide safe drinking water, water containers, and other critical assistance.

In addition, CAR's ongoing conflict continues has left 2.9 million people in need of humanitarian aid. The security situation and humanitarian organizations ability to reach certain areas have started to improve. As a result, an estimated 355,000 people who initially fled their homes to escape fighting have returned to their communities of origin as of August. Still, more than 581,000 people remain internally displaced across the country.

Persistent insecurity in other areas continues to drive new population displacement, prevent additional returns, and exacerbate humanitarian needs. In early September, clashes between armed groups in Vakaga Prefecture’s Birao city resulted in 38 deaths and displaced an estimated 20,000 people. Relief organizations, including USAID partners, continue to provide humanitarian assistance for people across the country affected by the conflict.

In FY 2019, the U.S. Government provided more than $144 million in humanitarian assistance for CAR, as well as Central African refugees in neighboring countries.

Background

CAR has faced more than six years of conflict. The initial trigger was the Séléka armed opposition entering the capital city of Bangui on March 24, 2013 in opposition to then-President François Bozizé and effectively seizing control of the country. Security conditions deteriorated further in December 2013 when clashes erupted between various armed groups. This fighting persists and has been further complicated by the fragmentation and reforming of alliances. In February 2019, the Government of CAR and 14 armed groups signed a peace agreement which has led to fewer direct clashes; however, insecurity and attacks against civilians, humanitarians, and UN peacekeeping forces continues.

While relief agencies are working to help people affected by the conflict, the ongoing fighting and logistical constraints have impeded humanitarian efforts, particularly in the more remote areas of CAR.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: November 19, 2019

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