Central African Republic

An estimated 2.4 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in the Central African Republic.
An estimated 2.4 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in the Central African Republic.
Fred Dufour, AFP

Latest Central African Republic
Fact Sheet

Key Developments

Widespread clashes in Central African Republic (CAR)’s capital city of Bangui resulted in at least 30 deaths from April 8–11, including the death of one UN peacekeeper, constituting the worst violence in the city since 2015. Additional violence in early May resulted in at least 30 deaths, more than 180 injuries, and the destruction of several buildings. The recent fighting in Bangui has contributed to increased tensions across CAR, hindering relief operations in some areas of the country.

Relief actors in CAR continue to experience acts of violence and criminal incidents, with at least 63 attacks against humanitarian staff recorded since January, the UN reports. Recent attacks in eastern and northern CAR prompted humanitarian actors to suspend activities, restricting the delivery of life-saving assistance to crisis-affected people.

Decreased agricultural production, market disruption, and limited household purchasing power have contributed to an increase in the number of food-insecure people in conflict-affected areas. Nearly 2 million people could face severe food insecurity if vulnerable populations do not receive adequate emergency food assistance in the coming months.

Background

In opposition to then-President François Bozizé, the Séléka armed opposition alliance entered the capital city of Bangui on March 24, 2013, effectively seizing control of the country and triggering a period of widespread violence. Security conditions deteriorated further in December 2013 when clashes erupted between the now-dissolved Séléka alliance and anti-Balaka groups composed of armed fighters that opposed ex- Séléka forces. Following a nearly three-year transitional period, CAR held presidential elections in December 2015 and February 2016, resulting in the election of President Faustin-Archange Touandéra. Conflict between armed groups has persisted across much of CAR in 2017; however, armed groups have fragmented and reformed among various alliances, complicating the ongoing crisis.

The security situation throughout CAR remains volatile, with continued attacks against civilians, humanitarian workers, and peacekeeping forces. While relief agencies are working to assist conflict-affected populations, ongoing insecurity and logistical constraints have impeded humanitarian operations, particularly in more remote areas of CAR.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: June 07, 2018

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