Central African Republic

An estimated 2.4 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in the Central African Republic.
An estimated 2.4 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in the Central African Republic.
Fred Dufour, AFP

Latest Central African Republic
Fact Sheet

Key Developments

Violence in northwestern and southeastern Central African Republic (CAR) has increased the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) by nearly 50 percent since January, bringing the total to more than 601,000 IDPs in CAR as of October 31, the UN reports.

Increasing insecurity and targeted attacks on humanitarian and peacekeeping personnel and assets continue to negatively impact relief operations across CAR. Attacks by armed actors have resulted in the death of 13 aid workers and 14 UN peacekeepers to date in 2017. In addition, insecurity prompted relief organizations to evacuate 240 aid workers from 10 villages between January and September, according to the UN.

Despite favorable agro-climatic conditions during the 2017 growing season across CAR, the UN Food and Agriculture Organization projects below-average aggregate crop production—similar to that of the previous four years—due to ongoing conflict and reductions in planted land.


In opposition to then-President François Bozizé, the Séléka armed opposition alliance entered the capital city of Bangui on March 24, 2013, effectively seizing control of the country and triggering a period of widespread violence. Security conditions deteriorated further in December 2013 when clashes erupted between the now-dissolved Séléka alliance and anti-Balaka groups composed of armed fighters that opposed ex- Séléka forces. Following a nearly three-year transitional period, CAR held presidential elections in December 2015 and February 2016, resulting in the election of President Faustin-Archange Touandéra. Conflict between armed groups has persisted across much of CAR in 2017; however, armed groups have fragmented and reformed among various alliances, complicating the ongoing crisis.

The security situation throughout CAR remains volatile, with continued attacks against civilians, humanitarian workers, and peacekeeping forces. While relief agencies are working to assist conflict-affected populations, ongoing insecurity and logistical constraints have impeded humanitarian operations, particularly in more remote areas of CAR.

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Last updated: December 11, 2017

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