Central African Republic

As of December 2013, an estimated 2.6 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in the Central African Republic. USA
As of December 2013, an estimated 2.6 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in the Central African Republic. USAID is providing $20M in food aid, including to help those in the camp for displaced families in Bossangoa (pictured above).
Fred Dufour, AFP

Latest Central African Republic
Fact Sheet


Key Developments

In February, the UN recorded 10 security incidents involving humanitarian actors operating in the Central African Republic (CAR). Relief organizations suspended most operations in high-risk areas of Haute-Kotto, Ouaka, and Ouham prefectures in February due to insecurity.

A recent food production assessment revealed decreasing food security in CAR due to the effects of the protracted crisis, including reduced crop yields, disrupted markets, and increased prices of staple foods. The 2015 harvest was substantially below pre-crisis averages, and nearly three-quarters of Central Africans surveyed reported having less food than in the previous year.

The number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in CAR decreased slightly between March 2015 and February 2016, declining approximately 3 percent from 436,000 to 421,000 people. Despite the minimal change in the IDP population over the 11-month period, displacement remains dynamic, with some households fleeing from continuing insecurity while others return to areas of origin, security permitting.

Background

In December 2012, the Séléka armed opposition alliance began to advance across CAR in opposition to then-President François Bozizé. On March 24, 2013, Séléka fighters entered CAR’s capital city, Bangui, effectively seizing control of the country and triggering a period of widespread violence. Security conditions in CAR further deteriorated on December 5, 2013, when clashes erupted between the now-dissolved Séléka alliance and anti-Balaka groups, composed of armed fighters that oppose ex-Séléka forces. As of mid-February, the situation throughout CAR remained volatile, with escalating attacks against civilians. While relief agencies are working to assist conflict-affected populations, ongoing insecurity and logistical constraints impede humanitarian operations in Bangui and in more remote areas of CAR.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: March 28, 2016

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