Burma

Displaced children using a water pump in Rakhine State, Burma.
Displaced children using a water pump in Rakhine State, Burma.
Brian Heidel/USAID

Latest Burma Fact Sheets

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Key Developments

Renewed conflict between armed groups in northern Shan displaced approximately 3,900 people in May, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. The recent displacements bring the total number of conflict-displaced people in northern Shan to approximately 11,100 in 2016.

To date in FY 2016, the U.S. Government (USG) has provided more than $30.4 million to support activities that strengthen internally displaced person (IDP) camp management and child protection, facilitate access to food and safe drinking water, and improve the health, nutrition, and livelihoods of vulnerable populations in Burma. USG funding includes more than $18.8 million provided by the U.S. State Department's Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration to support the humanitarian needs of IDPs in Burma, as well as Burmese asylum seekers and refugees in neighboring countries.

Heavy monsoon rains that began in early June have caused flooding and several landslides in Burma, resulting in at least 14 deaths and affecting approximately 28,000 people across Ayeyarwady, Bago, and Sagaing regions, as well as Chin and Rakhine states, according to the UN. The flooding also damaged houses and public infrastructure.

Background

Ongoing conflicts in multiple states of Burma have resulted in increased internal displacement and humanitarian needs in recent years. In June 2011, a ceasefire between the GoB and the KIO broke down, leading to an upsurge in conflict and associated displacement. In western Burma’s Rakhine State, several bouts of ethnic clashes starting in June 2012 resulted in casualties, property damage, and internal displacement. In Mandalay Region, clashes between Buddhist and Muslim residents of Meiktila city in March 2013 resulted in significant displacement and property damage in Meiktila and surrounding areas.

In addition, Burma faces a number of natural hazards, particularly cyclones, floods, and earthquakes. In May 2008, Cyclone Nargis made landfall in Burma’s Irrawaddy Delta, killing more than 84,000 people and devastating Burma’s agriculture sector and fishing industry.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: July 06, 2016

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