Burma

Displaced children using a water pump in Rakhine State, Burma.
Displaced children using a water pump in Rakhine State, Burma.
Brian Heidel/USAID

Latest Burma Fact Sheets

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Key Developments

The UN reports that renewed violence in Rakhine since early October has displaced an estimated 65,000 people, the vast majority of whom identify as Rohingya Muslim, to neighboring Bangladesh. Conflict resulted in the temporary suspension of humanitarian activities in affected areas and has further limited already restricted access to populations requiring ongoing assistance.

Intense conflict between Government of Burma forces and armed actors, including attacks near internally displaced person settlements, has continued in Kachin and northern Shan since late November and displaced more than 20,000 people in northern Shan, according to non-governmental organizations (NGOs) operating in the area.

The Burma Humanitarian Country Team—comprising UN agencies, NGOs, and other humanitarian stakeholders—recently released the 2017 Burma Humanitarian Response Plan appealing for $150 million to address the humanitarian needs of approximately 525,000 people between January and December 2017. The total includes 402,000 people in Rakhine, 104,000 people in Kachin, and 19,000 people in Shan.

Background

Ongoing conflicts in multiple states of Burma have resulted in increased internal displacement and humanitarian needs in recent years. In June 2011, a ceasefire between the GoB and the KIO broke down, leading to an upsurge in conflict and associated displacement. In western Burma’s Rakhine State, several bouts of ethnic clashes starting in June 2012 resulted in casualties, property damage, and internal displacement. In Mandalay Region, clashes between Buddhist and Muslim residents of Meiktila city in March 2013 resulted in significant displacement and property damage in Meiktila and surrounding areas.

In addition, Burma faces a number of natural hazards, particularly cyclones, floods, and earthquakes. In May 2008, Cyclone Nargis made landfall in Burma’s Irrawaddy Delta, killing more than 84,000 people and devastating Burma’s agriculture sector and fishing industry.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: January 13, 2017

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