Displaced children using a water pump in Rakhine State, Burma.
Displaced children using a water pump in Rakhine State, Burma.
Brian Heidel/USAID

Latest Burma Fact Sheets

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Key Developments

The UN reports that fighting and subsequent security operations in Rakhine State since October 2016 have displaced an estimated 94,000 people to neighboring Bangladesh and other areas of the state. Ongoing conflict in areas of Kachin and Shan states has also generated population displacement. Relief agencies underscore that humanitarian access remains constrained in Kachin, Rakhine, and Shan, hindering relief operations and the delivery of aid to people in need.

From January 30 to February 11, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance staff assessed humanitarian conditions among vulnerable communities in Kachin and Rakhine and met with UN agencies and non-governmental organization partners implementing relief activities in Burma.

The U.S. government (USG) has provided approximately $31.8 million for the Burma response to date in FY 2017, including approximately $19.7 million since January to relief agencies addressing the humanitarian needs of vulnerable people in Kachin, Rakhine, and Shan, as well as in Malaysia, Thailand, and other areas of South East Asia.


Ongoing conflicts in multiple states of Burma have resulted in increased internal displacement and humanitarian needs in recent years. In June 2011, a ceasefire between the GoB and the KIO broke down, leading to an upsurge in conflict and associated displacement. In western Burma’s Rakhine State, several bouts of ethnic clashes starting in June 2012 resulted in casualties, property damage, and internal displacement. In Mandalay Region, clashes between Buddhist and Muslim residents of Meiktila city in March 2013 resulted in significant displacement and property damage in Meiktila and surrounding areas.

In addition, Burma faces a number of natural hazards, particularly cyclones, floods, and earthquakes. In May 2008, Cyclone Nargis made landfall in Burma’s Irrawaddy Delta, killing more than 84,000 people and devastating Burma’s agriculture sector and fishing industry.

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Last updated: May 30, 2017

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