Brazil Crisis
USAID is supporting the Government of Brazil's emergency response in Roraima State, where the flow of people fleeing Venezuela has tripled in 2018.

Latest Venezuela Regional
Fact Sheet

Key Developments

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) are responding to a complex emergency stemming from an influx of people fleeing an economic and political crisis in Venezuela to neighboring countries, including BrazilColombia, Ecuador, and Peru.

As of early April, security forces affiliated with former President of Venezuela Nicolás Maduro maintained the official closure of the Venezuela–Brazil border, according to media and relief organizations. Security forces closed the border in late February in response to attempts to transport humanitarian assistance from Brazil into Venezuela. Despite the formal border closures, an increased number of Venezuelans were entering Brazil through informal border crossing points in March and early April, which is straining shelter capacity and basic infrastructure in Roraima State, according to the International Organization for Migration and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).

USAID partner the Adventist Development Relief Agency (ADRA) continues to support vulnerable households in Boa Vista, including recent arrivals from Venezuela. Through USAID/FFP support,ADRA is providing electronic food vouchers to approximately 6,600 vulnerable Venezuelans, which allow households to purchase nutritious food in local markets. With nearly $5.7 million in FY 2019 funding, USAID/OFDA is expanding support for ADRA programs in Brazil; the additional funding will support hygiene promotion activities and the delivery of hygiene kits, as well as improve access to livelihood opportunities and support rental housing payments. In addition, USAID/OFDA is providing approximately $997,500 in FY 2019 support to Caritas in Brazil to improve access to safe drinking water and sanitation and hygiene facilities in Boa Vista.


Deteriorating economic and political conditions in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela since 2014 have contributed to increasing humanitarian needs and triggered an influx of Venezuelans into neighboring countries, including Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Trinidad and Tobago, in recent months. Economic conditions inside Venezuela are projected to worsen in the coming months, Economic conditions inside Venezuela, characterized by hyperinflation, continue to worsen. The UN estimates that 3.4 million Venezuelans have left the country since 2014, with displacement projected to continue during 2019.

The population influx is straining the capacity of services, particularly in border areas of Brazil and Colombia. Recent assessments indicate food, health care services, nutrition assistance, and WASH support are among the most urgent humanitarian needs of Venezuelans and host communities in border regions.

USAID/OFDA is supporting the Venezuela complex emergency regional response. Please visit our web page for additional information.

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Last updated: April 12, 2019

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