Brazil Crisis
USAID is supporting the Government of Brazil's emergency response in Roraima State, where the flow of people fleeing Venezuela has tripled in 2018.

Latest Venezuela Regional
Fact Sheet

Key Developments

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) are responding to a complex emergency stemming from an influx of people fleeing an economic and political crisis in Venezuela to neighboring countries, including BrazilColombia, Ecuador, and Peru.

As of early September, nearly 179,000 Venezuelans were residing in Brazil, according to the Regional Interagency Coordination Platform for Refugees and Migrants from Venezuela, led by the International Organization for Migration and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). With more than $12.4 million in FY 2019 funding, USAID supports two NGO partners to distribute emergency food assistance and conduct livelihood, shelter, and WASH interventions among vulnerable populations in Brazil.

On July 24, the Government of Brazil (GoB) recognized more than 170 Venezuelans as refugees under the provisions of the Cartagena Declaration on Refugees—the first GoB use of the declaration to justify granting refugee status to individuals seeking the designation. The 1984 declaration expanded the refugee definition to include people who have fled countries of origin because of threats to life, liberty, or security due to disturbances to the public order, including foreign aggression, general violence, internal conflict, and significant human rights violations. The decision follows the June 14 formal recognition by the GoB National Refugee Committee of serious and widespread violations of human rights in Venezuela.


Since 2014, deteriorating economic and political conditions in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela—marked by devastating hyperinflation—have contributed to increasing humanitarian needs. Severe food and medicine shortages have triggered an influx of Venezuelans into neighboring countries, including Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Trinidad and Tobago. The UN estimates that more than 4.3 million Venezuelans have left their country since 2014, with displacement projected to reach at least 5.3 million by the end of 2019.

The population influx is straining the capacity of services, particularly in border areas of Brazil and Colombia. Recent assessments indicate food, health care services, nutrition assistance, and WASH support are among the most urgent humanitarian needs of Venezuelans and host communities in border regions.

USAID/OFDA is supporting the Venezuela complex emergency regional response. Please visit our web page for additional information.

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Last updated: October 07, 2019

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