Afghanistan

Three Afghan children looking at the camera
Members of vulnerable communities, such as these children, benefit from USAID humanitarian assistance in Afghanistan.
Patricia Hampton/USAID

Latest Afghanistan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

Intensified armed conflict, natural disasters, and inflows of returnees from Iran and Pakistan continue to generate significant humanitarian needs across Afghanistan. Conflict displaced more than 146,000 Afghans in the first seven months of 2017, straining the resources of the Government of Afghanistan, host communities, and the humanitarian community. In addition to displacement and ongoing refugee returns, more than 200 natural disaster events, including avalanches, flooding, and landslides, impacted nearly 98,000 individuals across 33 of Afghanistan’s 34 provinces from January to July.

Between January and June, the UN reported 174 security incidents targeting humanitarian staff, resulting in nine deaths and ten injured aid workers. Health care infrastructure, personnel, and programs remain common targets, with the UN reporting at least 67 security incidents impacting health services.

Conflict continues to strain Afghanistan’s health infrastructure. In April, security conditions necessitated the closure of 15 health facilities in southern and eastern Afghanistan. Only 60 percent of the Afghan population has access to health services.

 

Background

Since 2002, conflict and frequent natural disasters have displaced populations and generated significant humanitarian needs throughout Afghanistan. Recurring natural disasters, including drought, floods, landslides, earthquakes, and avalanches, affect approximately 250,000 Afghans each year, and more than 631,000 people remain internally displaced as a result of conflict, the U.N. reports. Between January and June 2013, natural disasters—primarily flooding, avalanches, and extreme winter conditions—killed or injured 280 people, affected an estimated 140,000 others, and damaged or destroyed approximately 21,000 homes throughout the country. In addition, repeated and protracted displacement has placed pressure on host communities’ limited resources, resulting in instability and increased humanitarian needs.

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Last updated: July 20, 2017

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