Afghanistan

Three Afghan children looking at the camera
Members of vulnerable communities, such as these children, benefit from USAID humanitarian assistance in Afghanistan.
Patricia Hampton/USAID

Latest Afghanistan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

The UN estimates that up to 1 million people may be displaced or in transit in Afghanistan by the end of 2016 as a result of escalated conflict throughout the country and the influx of Afghans returning from Pakistan. Across Afghanistan, conflict displaced more than 277,000 people between January and September, and an average of 11,000 Afghan refugees per week were returning from Pakistan to Afghanistan as of late September, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. In response to increased displacement and the high number of refugee returns, the UN launched a flash appeal on September 7, requesting $152 million in funding to support additional humanitarian activities between September and December 2016.

In FY 2016, USAID contributed approximately $73 million to respond to humanitarian needs resulting from the complex emergency in Afghanistan. USAID partners continue to provide life-saving, multi-sector assistance to vulnerable populations, while increasing local disaster preparedness and response capacity.

U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration has contributed nearly $96 million in FY 2016 to assist conflict- and disaster-affected populations, including internally displaced persons inside Afghanistan and Afghan refugees in neighboring countries.

 

Background

Since 2002, conflict and frequent natural disasters have displaced populations and generated significant humanitarian needs throughout Afghanistan. Recurring natural disasters, including drought, floods, landslides, earthquakes, and avalanches, affect approximately 250,000 Afghans each year, and more than 631,000 people remain internally displaced as a result of conflict, the U.N. reports. Between January and June 2013, natural disasters—primarily flooding, avalanches, and extreme winter conditions—killed or injured 280 people, affected an estimated 140,000 others, and damaged or destroyed approximately 21,000 homes throughout the country. In addition, repeated and protracted displacement has placed pressure on host communities’ limited resources, resulting in instability and increased humanitarian needs.

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Last updated: November 03, 2016

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