Three Afghan children looking at the camera
Members of vulnerable communities, such as these children, benefit from USAID humanitarian assistance in Afghanistan.
Patricia Hampton/USAID

Latest Afghanistan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

Taliban forces seized control of northern Afghanistan’s Kunduz city on September 28, prompting the looting of regional Government of Afghanistan and UN offices, according to international media. Afghan security forces, aided by U.S. military airstrikes, launched a counterattack on September 29 to regain control of the city. Media report that the recent fighting has exacerbated insecurity and population displacement.

Humanitarian needs in Afghanistan increased in FY 2015, with growing numbers of conflict-induced internally displaced persons, Afghan refugee returnees, and Pakistani refugees. The UN had reached 2.3 million of the estimated 7.4 million people in need of humanitarian assistance by late June and has requested additional funding for the Afghanistan Humanitarian Response Plan in advance of the winter season.

USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance recently provided more than $16 million in additional funds to support humanitarian relief activities—including humanitarian coordination and the provision of basic health services, emergency relief commodities, shelter assistance, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions—in Afghanistan.


Since 2002, conflict and frequent natural disasters have displaced populations and generated significant humanitarian needs throughout Afghanistan. Recurring natural disasters, including drought, floods, landslides, earthquakes, and avalanches, affect approximately 250,000 Afghans each year, and more than 631,000 people remain internally displaced as a result of conflict, the U.N. reports. Between January and June 2013, natural disasters—primarily flooding, avalanches, and extreme winter conditions—killed or injured 280 people, affected an estimated 140,000 others, and damaged or destroyed approximately 21,000 homes throughout the country. In addition, repeated and protracted displacement has placed pressure on host communities’ limited resources, resulting in instability and increased humanitarian needs.

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Last updated: October 19, 2015

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