Afghanistan

USAID airlifted relief supplies to help people affected by severe drought.
USAID airlifted relief supplies to help people affected by severe drought.
IOM Afghanistan

Latest Afghanistan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

As of September 28, conflict—primarily between the Taliban, other non-state armed groups, and Afghanistan National Security Forces—displaced nearly 283,000 people in 2019, including more than 32,300 people in September, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.

Election-related violence leading up to and during Afghanistan’s September 28 presidential election, including Taliban-planted improvised explosive device attacks and road closures, negatively affected humanitarian programming throughout the country, according to USAID partners.

As of September 26, conflict had resulted in the death of 27 aid workers in 2019, according to the UN. Despite deteriorating security conditions, including more than 310 humanitarian access incidents in Afghanistan since January, relief actors have reached 4.2 million people with humanitarian assistance.

 

Background

Since 2002, conflict and frequent natural disasters have displaced populations and generated significant humanitarian needs throughout Afghanistan. Recurring natural disasters, including drought, floods, landslides, earthquakes, and avalanches, affect approximately 250,000 Afghans each year, and more than 631,000 people remain internally displaced as a result of conflict, the U.N. reports. Between January and June 2013, natural disasters—primarily flooding, avalanches, and extreme winter conditions—killed or injured 280 people, affected an estimated 140,000 others, and damaged or destroyed approximately 21,000 homes throughout the country. In addition, repeated and protracted displacement has placed pressure on host communities’ limited resources, resulting in instability and increased humanitarian needs.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: October 30, 2019

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