Afghanistan

Three Afghan children looking at the camera
Members of vulnerable communities, such as these children, benefit from USAID humanitarian assistance in Afghanistan.
Patricia Hampton/USAID

Latest Afghanistan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

On April 29, U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan John R. Bass announced an additional $36.6 million in U.S. Government (USG) funding to assist conflict- and disaster-affected populations throughout Afghanistan and Afghan refugees in the region. The contribution includes $5.6 million from USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance, nearly $1 million from USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP), $12 million from USAID/Afghanistan, and $18 million from U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration, and supplements $25 million in previously announced FY 2018 funding from USAID/FFP. Cumulatively, the USG has provided nearly $276 million to respond to acute needs in Afghanistan from FY 2017–2018.

Intensified conflict in Afghanistan continues to result in high numbers of civilian casualties, with 763 deaths and approximately 1,500 injuries recorded from January–March, the UN reports.

Nearly 213,000 undocumented Afghans returned from Iran and Pakistan between January and April, representing an increase of nearly 50 percent compared to the same period in 2017, according to the International Organization for Migration. Relief actors are responding to critical humanitarian needs among internally displaced persons —including more than 75,600 people displaced by conflict in 2018—and returnees, the UN reports.

 

Background

Since 2002, conflict and frequent natural disasters have displaced populations and generated significant humanitarian needs throughout Afghanistan. Recurring natural disasters, including drought, floods, landslides, earthquakes, and avalanches, affect approximately 250,000 Afghans each year, and more than 631,000 people remain internally displaced as a result of conflict, the U.N. reports. Between January and June 2013, natural disasters—primarily flooding, avalanches, and extreme winter conditions—killed or injured 280 people, affected an estimated 140,000 others, and damaged or destroyed approximately 21,000 homes throughout the country. In addition, repeated and protracted displacement has placed pressure on host communities’ limited resources, resulting in instability and increased humanitarian needs.

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Last updated: May 01, 2018

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