Afghanistan

Three Afghan children looking at the camera
Members of vulnerable communities, such as these children, benefit from USAID humanitarian assistance in Afghanistan.
Patricia Hampton/USAID

Latest Afghanistan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

On December 1, the UN released the Afghanistan Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) for 2018–2021, estimating that 3.3 million people—nearly one in every 10 Afghans—will require humanitarian assistance between January and December 2018. The HRP calls for $430 million in funding to assist an estimated 2.8 million of the most vulnerable people in Afghanistan in 2018, representing a significant decrease from the 5.7 million people targeted by the 2017 HRP. Although needs across Afghanistan remain dire, the decrease reflects efforts on behalf of the humanitarian community to more effectively distinguish between acute humanitarian needs resulting from sudden shocks, such as conflict or natural disasters, and chronic needs, associated with insecurity and poverty, which require longer-term, systemic response.

Conflict displaced an estimated 438,000 people in 31 of Afghanistan’s 34 provinces from January 1–December 19, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. Approximately 15 percent of displaced people relocated to hard-to-reach areas, where full verification of the extent of displacement remains challenging due to limited humanitarian access.

In FY 2017, the U.S. government (USG) contributed nearly $214 million to assist conflict- and disaster-affected populations throughout Afghanistan.

 

Background

Since 2002, conflict and frequent natural disasters have displaced populations and generated significant humanitarian needs throughout Afghanistan. Recurring natural disasters, including drought, floods, landslides, earthquakes, and avalanches, affect approximately 250,000 Afghans each year, and more than 631,000 people remain internally displaced as a result of conflict, the U.N. reports. Between January and June 2013, natural disasters—primarily flooding, avalanches, and extreme winter conditions—killed or injured 280 people, affected an estimated 140,000 others, and damaged or destroyed approximately 21,000 homes throughout the country. In addition, repeated and protracted displacement has placed pressure on host communities’ limited resources, resulting in instability and increased humanitarian needs.

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Last updated: January 02, 2018

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