Three Afghan children looking at the camera
Members of vulnerable communities, such as these children, benefit from USAID humanitarian assistance in Afghanistan.
Patricia Hampton/USAID

Latest Afghanistan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

An estimated 4.5 million people in Afghanistan require humanitarian assistance according to the United Nations (UN) as of December 13, exceeding the figure projected in the 2016 Afghanistan Humanitarian Response Plan by 400,000 people. The UN attributes the increase to the rapid rise in conflict-induced displacement and surge of approximately 618,300 refugees and undocumented Afghans returning from Pakistan, combined with existing humanitarian needs in the country.

Ongoing clashes between Government of Afghanistan forces and insurgent groups increased by an estimated 23 percent in 2016 compared to 2015, reaching its highest level since the UN began recording incidents in 2007. Across Afghanistan, conflict displaced more than 592,300 people in 2016, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.

In FY 2016 and to date in FY 2017, the U.S. Government (USG) contributed approximately $208 million—including $20 million and $19.6 million in FY 2017 funding from USAID’s Office of Food for Peace and U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration, respectively—to respond to humanitarian needs resulting from the complex emergency in Afghanistan. USG partners continue to provide life-saving, multi-sector assistance to vulnerable populations.



Since 2002, conflict and frequent natural disasters have displaced populations and generated significant humanitarian needs throughout Afghanistan. Recurring natural disasters, including drought, floods, landslides, earthquakes, and avalanches, affect approximately 250,000 Afghans each year, and more than 631,000 people remain internally displaced as a result of conflict, the U.N. reports. Between January and June 2013, natural disasters—primarily flooding, avalanches, and extreme winter conditions—killed or injured 280 people, affected an estimated 140,000 others, and damaged or destroyed approximately 21,000 homes throughout the country. In addition, repeated and protracted displacement has placed pressure on host communities’ limited resources, resulting in instability and increased humanitarian needs.

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Last updated: March 23, 2017

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