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Working in Crisis and Conflict

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An important part of moving past conflict is a process of reconciliation in which groups that once fought against each other find ways to participate in a united society. USAID supports this process by funding messages of peace from leaders and the media. We work to encourage the participation of young people and women, traditionally left out of such activities, in building a more peaceful and inclusive society. Civil society groups are key partners in this effort.

USAID/OTI launched the Côte d’Ivoire Transition Initiative (CITI) program in September 2011 after post-election violence which claimed 3,000 lives and displaced hundreds of thousands of others. Côte d’Ivoire has made enormous progress in its transition to peace and stability after over 10 years of civil conflict, but it faces a critical test as the October 2015 presidential elections approach. These presidential elections — the first since the violence in 2010 — have the potential to exacerbate enduring tensions around nationality and identity, which have led to violence in the past. 

In recent years, Côte d’Ivoire has reasserted its vital role as a diplomatic and economic leader in the region. Given all the challenges facing West Africa including Ebola, civil conflicts and terrorist threats across the Sahel, Côte d’Ivoire’s stability is vital to the broader U.S. Government strategy of supporting a more resilient Africa, with strong and stable regional leaders like Côte d’Ivoire. 


USAID/OTI’s work in Côte d’Ivoire consists of two phases. Phase I (Sept. 2011 – Aug. 2014) supported confidence in the post-conflict recovery process, through support to the re-establishment of the state and its connection with the communities it served. 

Phase II (June 2014 to the present) focuses on social cohesion and its role in political stability. Through addressing community grievances and equipping communities with the tools to access, analyze and share accurate information, USAID/OTI activities work to make communities more cohesive and resilient to political manipulation. USAID/OTI is also addressing the inclusivity and credibility of the upcoming elections through support to electoral institutions, improved access to credible information, and increased intercommunity dialogue.


CITI works at the local level in the most volatile areas of the country to address issues that destabilize communities. CITI helps communities and state actors find mutually beneficial solutions to create more resilient communities:

Diffusing social tensions between ethnic groups through an innovative approach to land tenure dialogues;

Through a network of photojournalists, displayed horrific images of the 2010 violence, generating discussions on the importance of reconciliation; and

Helped to break ties between the transport industry and former warlords by empowering thousands of moto-taxi drivers to unionize to advocate for their rights with local government.

Last updated: April 11, 2016

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