Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Colombia

Map of Colombia

April 1, 2019

Situation

  • Despite the peace accords between the Government of Colombia (GoC) and a large guerrilla movement in the country, internal conflict between armed groups continues to displace households in Colombia. In 2018, an estimated 145,000 Colombians were forcibly displaced inside the country, representing an increase from the number of people displaced in 2017, according to the UN.
  • The political and economic crisis in neighboring Venezuela has resulted in an influx of vulnerable Venezuelans and Colombian returnees crossing into Colombia in search of food, medical care and livelihood opportunities. The influx has strained health and social services across the country, particularly in communities in areas along the Colombia–Venezuela border, including Arauca, La Guajira and Norte de Santander departments. As of January, an estimated 1.9 million people in Colombia—including Venezuelans, Colombian returnees and host community members—were in need of assistance due to the Venezuela regional crisis.
  • Few employment opportunities make it difficult for households displaced by internal violence and the host communities sheltering them to consistently access enough nutritious food. In particular, internally displaced persons (IDPs) and members of indigenous communities suffer from a higher-than-average prevalence of malnutrition, according to GoC authorities.  

Response

  • USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (FFP) partners with the UN World Food Program (WFP) to respond to the effects of the Venezuela regional crisis in Colombia, as well as ongoing internal violence. FFP-funded food assistance programs support vulnerable IDPs, host community members, Colombian returnees and Venezuelans across Colombia who lack access to sufficient nutritious food.
  • In coordination with the GoC, WFP provides food vouchers and hot meals in transit centers to households affected by the Venezuela regional crisis, including vulnerable Venezuelans sheltering in Colombia, Colombian returnees and host community members. In 2018, with support from FFP and other international donors, WFP assisted approximately 250,000 people in Colombia affected by the Venezuela regional crisis.
  • FFP also partners with WFP to provide U.S.-grown in-kind food aid and food vouchers to more than 30,000 people affected by conflict or natural disasters across the country. Additionally, WFP provides training and technical assistance for rural smallholder farmers, as well as activities aimed at building resilience and expanding livelihood opportunities in communities affected by conflict and natural disasters.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2019 $19 million 800 MT
Fiscal Year 2018 $19.8 million 1,345 MT
Fiscal Year 2017 $5.3 million 1,380 MT

* Metric tonnage does not reflect funding for vouchers or cash transfers.

 

Related Resources

Last updated: September 18, 2019

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