Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Chad

Map of Chad

September 30, 2019

Chad is a low-income, land-locked country that suffers from chronic food insecurity due to the effects of regional conflict, frequent drought, limited income-generating opportunities, and restricted access to social services. The UN reports that an estimated 4.3 million people in Chad, over one-fourth of the country’s 15.8 million people, require emergency assistance in 2019.


  • Although most regions of Chad are likely to remain in Minimal (IPC 1) acute food insecurity through January, high food prices and limited food supply in local markets due to conflict-induced disruption to commodity trade flows will continue to drive Crisis (IPC 3) outcomes in Tibesti Region through at least January, according to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET).  In Lac Region, Stressed (IPC 2) outcomes will continue due to displacement and disruption of livelihoods driven by conflict, with ongoing and planned humanitarian assistance for displaced populations preventing worse outcomes.
  • At least 133,000 Chadians were internally displaced as of April, according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM).  Chad also hosts more than 464,000 refugees and asylum-seekers—predominantly from the Central African Republic, Nigeria, and Sudan—as of August, according to the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).  A resurgence of armed attacks and insecurity in the Lake Chad Basin since January is driving continued regional displacement and exacerbating humanitarian needs.
  • An August screening exercise noted deterioration of the nutrition situation attributed to the ongoing measles outbreak, increase in malaria during the May to October rainy season, and impact of the lean season—the period typically lasting from June to October when food is most scarce—according to the UN World Food Program (WFP).  As of late August, nutrition actors had treated over 194,000 children ages 6–59 months for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in 2019, according to the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF).  This includes close to 41,200 severely malnourished children treated in August, representing a 61 percent increase compared to the same period in 2018. 

*The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the severity and magnitude of acute food insecurity.  The IPC scale, comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal (IPC I) to Famine (IPC 5).


  • In FY 2019, USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (FFP) supported WFP to provide in-kind food assistance purchased in U.S. and local markets to food-insecure populations, including refugees.  FFP resources also enabled WFP to deliver specialized nutrition products to treat malnourished children and pregnant and lactating women.  Additionally, FFP supported the provision of cash transfers, food vouchers, and complementary services by WFP and other humanitarian organizations to the most vulnerable.

  • With FY 2019 support from FFP, the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) delivered ready-to-use therapeutic food to treat approximately 43,000 children experiencing severe acute malnutrition.  UNICEF also continued to collaborate with regional health authorities to improve acute malnutrition treatment services in Chad.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2019 $69.8 million 48,615 MT
Fiscal Year 2018 $62.7 million 35,514 MT
Fiscal Year 2017 $55.6 million 37,251 MT

* Metric tonnage does not reflect funding for vouchers or cash transfers. 


Last updated: November 05, 2019

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