Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Chad

April 21, 2017

Food Security Situation

Map of Chad
CIA World Factbook
  • Chad is a low-income, food-deficit country, ranked 185 out of 188 countries in the 2015 UN Development Program's Human Development Index. In rural areas of Chad, 87 percent of the population lives below the poverty line. 

  • An estimated 500,000 refugees and internally displaced persons reside in Chad as a result of ongoing violence in region, primarily in the Central African Republic (CAR), Nigeria, and Sudan. The influx of Chadian returnees from conflict-affected countries also strains local resources and contributes to increased food insecurity among vulnerable communities.

  • Communities throughout Chad face chronic food insecurity due to the effects of regional conflict, frequent drought, lack of income generating opportunities, and limited access to social services.

  • The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) reports that populations in Bahr El Ghazel, Kanem, Guéra, Tandjilé, Wadi Fira, Borkou, and Tibesti regions are experiencing Stressed (IPC 2) levels of acute food insecurity. Food security levels are projected to deteriorate to Crisis (IPC 3) through September 2017 as households exhaust their earlier in the lean season than normal. 

Food Assistance Programs

  • The  Office of Food for Peace (FFP) partners with the UN World Food Program (WFP) and the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to provide emergency food and nutrition assistance to vulnerable, food-insecure Chadians and refugees from CAR, Nigeria, and Sudan. 

  • FFP provides in-kind food assistance through WFP to support general food distributions, supplementary feeding, and food-for-assets programs aimed at reducing household food insecurity and preventing and treating acute malnutrition. Natural resource management and crop storage activities enable vulnerable communities to better withstand future shocks. FFP is supplementing its in-kind food assistance response with locally procured food, cash transfers and food vouchers, supporting local production and markets where possible.

  • UNICEF provides ready-to-use therapeutic food to treat children with severe acute malnutrition. FFP also supports UNICEF to improve malnutrition treatment services in Chad in coordination with regional health authorities.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2017 $35.0 million 17,690 MT
Fiscal Year 2016 $56.4 million 31,754 MT
Fiscal Year 2015 $64.6 million 36,105 MT
Fiscal Year 2014 $73.1 million 47,720 MT
Fiscal Year 2013 $57.7 million 39,420 MT

Fiscal Year 2017 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development ---- ---
Title II Emergency $28.0 million 17,690 MT
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)
$ 7.0 million

Food Security and other situational information provided by UN OCHA, UNHCR, WFP and FEWS NET
FY 2017 contribution based on funds obligated to date.

Last updated: April 21, 2017

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