Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Chad

April 7, 2016

Food Security Situation

Map of Chad
CIA World Factbook
  • Chad is a low-income, food-deficit country, ranked 185 out of 188 countries in the 2015 UN Development Program Human Development Index. In rural areas of Chad, 87 percent of the population lives below the poverty line. 

  • Over 375,000 refugees and internally displaced persons reside in Chad as a result of ongoing and intensified violence in Sudan, Central African Republic (CAR), and Nigeria. The influx of Chadian returnees from CAR also contributes to a deteriorating socio-economic situation, strained local resources, and increased food insecurity among vulnerable communities. 

  • Communities throughout Chad face chronic food insecurity due to low income, few income generating opportunities, frequent droughts, and limited access to social services. 

Food Assistance Programs

  • The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) partners with the UN World Food Program (WFP), UNICEF, and International Rescue Committee on emergency food assistance projects that target vulnerable, food-insecure Chadians and refugees from CAR, Sudan, and Nigeria. 

  • FFP provides in-kind food assistance to support WFP’s efforts across Chad to meet the food and nutrition needs of very vulnerable households and refugees. General food distributions, supplementary feeding, and food for assets reduce household food insecurity, prevent malnutrition, and develop the capacity of partners and communities to meet household food and nutrition needs. Natural resource management, crop storage and food preservation activities enable vulnerable households and communities to recover from, and mitigate against, future shocks. FFP is supplementing its in-kind food assistance response for Nigerian refugees with locally procured food and food vouchers. FFP partner UNICEF also provides ready-to-use therapeutic food to treat over 40,000 children affected by severe acute malnutrition in Chad. 

  • FFP also partners with International Rescue Committee to provide targeted cash transfers and food vouchers to improve food access among vulnerable households in the Barh el Gazal region.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2016 $28 million 15,060 MT
Fiscal Year 2015 $65.6 million 36,105 MT
Fiscal Year 2014 $73.1 million 47,720 MT
Fiscal Year 2013 $57.7 million 39,420 MT
Fiscal Year 2012 $101.7 million 64,989 MT

Fiscal Year 2016 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development ---- ---
Title II Emergency $28 million 15,060 MT
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) ---- ---

Food Security Situation information provided by WFP, UNHCR and FEWS NET.
FY 2016 contribution based on funds obligated to date.

Last updated: June 03, 2016

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