October 18, 2016
Food Security Situation
In late 2012/early 2013, the Séléka armed alliance advanced across CAR in opposition to then-President Bozizé, and then seized control of the country, triggering widespread violence. By the end of 2013, security conditions in CAR further deteriorated when clashes erupted between militants associated with the now-dissolved Séléka alliance and anti-Balaka groups. Following a transitional government period, President Faustin-Archange Touadéra assumed the office of the presidency in March 2016.
Violence continues to persist, however. The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs estimates that as of September 2016, more than 385, 000 Central Africans are internally displaced, and approximately 466,000 have fled to neighboring countries as refugees.
An IPC analysis conducted in August 2016 found that markets in areas of insecurity remain largely disrupted, with a general upward trend in prices of basic foodstuffs such as rice. This is impacting families’ ability to purchase food, with food insecurity persisting as a result.
Despite ongoing harvests improving household food access, crisis food insecurity (IPC Phase 3) is expected to persist in communities most affected by the conflict, at least through January 2017. This is due to lower than normal harvests, limited access to income, difficulty accessing food and reduced food intake.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) partners with WFP to reach food-insecure people affected by conflict and displacement, including refugees (in Republic of Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo and Cameroon), internally displaced persons, returnees and host communities. FFP provides in-kind food assistance to WFP to assist these most vulnerable populations through general food distributions, supplementary feeding activities, emergency school feeding, and food for asset activities. FFP also supports WFP for the distribution of cash transfers to CAR refugees in the Democratic Republic of Congo where appropriate.
FFP also partners with the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to provide Ready to Use Therapeutic Foods (RUTF) to treat close to 19,000 children with severe acute malnutrition.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2016||$49.9 million||23,780 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2015||$46.6 million||21,394 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$39.5 million||17,256 MT|
Fiscal Year 2016 Contribution Breakdown To Date:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||----||----|
|Title II Emergency||$45.4 million||23,780 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Situation (EFSP)||$4.5 million||----|
Note: Food Security Situation information provided by the UN and FEWS NET as of October 2016.
Last updated: October 20, 2016