Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Central African Republic

May 8, 2017

Food Security Situation

Map of CAR
CIA World Factbook
  • At least 2.2 million people in the Central African Republic (CAR) —approximately half of the country’s population—are in urgent need of emergency assistance, including approximately 100,000 people newly displaced by increased violence in the country since September 2016, the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) reports.

  • OCHA estimates that, as of March 2017, more than 426,100 people are internally displaced and unable to meet essential needs, including food needs, without humanitarian assistance. This is a 10 percent increase from OCHA’s September 2016 estimates that more than 385,000 Central Africans were internally displaced. Additionally, approximately 464,000 Central Africans have fled to neighboring countries as refugees, according to OCHA’s March 2017 reporting. 

  • The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) reports that local commodity prices increased from November 2016 to January 2017, impacting families’ ability to purchase food. An IPC* analysis conducted in March 2017 found that Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity is expected to persist until September 2017 in communities most affected by the conflict, due to lower than normal harvests, limited access to income, difficulty accessing food, reduced food intake, and the persistence of the security crisis.

  • The UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) had admitted approximately 1,730 children experiencing severe acute malnutrition to inpatient and outpatient therapeutic programs in CAR as of late February.

Food Assistance Programs

  • USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (FFP) partners with the UN World Food Program (WFP) to reach food-insecure people affected by conflict and displacement, including refugees (in Republic of Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo and Cameroon), internally displaced persons, returnees and host communities. FFP provides in-kind food assistance as well as funding for local and regional procurement of food to WFP to assist these most vulnerable populations through general food distributions, supplementary feeding activities, emergency school feeding, and food for assets activities. FFP also supports WFP for the distribution of cash transfers, as appropriate, to CAR refugees in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

  • FFP also partners with UNICEF to provide Ready to Use Therapeutic Foods (RUTF) to treat close to 19,000 children with severe acute malnutrition.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2017 $28.9 million 15,400 MT
Fiscal Year 2016 $49.9 million 23,780 MT
Fiscal Year 2015 $46.6 million 21,394 MT

Fiscal Year 2017 Contribution Breakdown To Date:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Emergency $22.9 million 15,400 MT
Emergency Food Security Situation (EFSP) $6 million ----

Note: Food Security Situation information provided by the UN and FEWS NET.

*The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the severity and magnitude of food insecurity. The IPC scale, which is comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal—IPC I—to Famine—IPC 5.

Last updated: May 08, 2017

Share This Page