Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Central African Republic

Map of Central African Republic
Map of Central African Republic

March 28, 2019

Situation

  • Escalating violence since the beginning of 2017 has driven displacement across the country. As of December 2018, the total number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) was approximately 641,000, while nearly 591,000 Central African refugees resided in neighboring countries. One person in every four from CAR is internally displaced or a refugee; two of every five face severe acute food insecurity, according to the UN.
  • According to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET), vulnerable, conflict-affected populations will continue to face Crisis (IPC 3) or worse levels of food insecurity across CAR through September 2019 due to displacement and inconsistent access and availability of humanitarian assistance.*
  • In October 2018, an IPC analysis projected nearly 1.9 million people in CAR were facing Crisis and Emergency (IPC 4) levels of acute food insecurity and in need of emergency food assistance.
  • The UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) anticipates that more than 38,000 children in CAR younger than 5 years of age will experience severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in 2019.

*The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the severity and magnitude of food insecurity. The IPC scale, which is comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal—IPC 1—to Famine—IPC 5.

Response

  • With support from USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (FFP), the UN World Food Program (WFP) distributes food vouchers and in-kind food assistance sourced from U.S., local and regional stocks to several hundred thousand food-insecure IDPs, vulnerable host community members and returnees affected by conflict and insecurity in CAR. Through FFP contributions, WFP also provides school meals for children from crisis-affected families. In addition, FFP partner ACTED provides cash transfers for food to displaced and host community populations in southeastern CAR.
  • FFP enables UNICEF to respond to SAM cases in CAR by providing ready-to-use therapeutic food to treat malnourished children, facilitating nutrition assessments and supporting trainings for caregivers and health workers.
  • FFP also supports emergency food assistance for Central African refugees sheltering in Cameroon, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Republic of the Congo through ACTED, Samaritan’s Purse and WFP.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2019      $30 million 16,380 MT
Fiscal Year 2018 $36.2 million 15,962 MT  
Fiscal Year 2017** $47.1 million 28,562 MT

* Metric tonnage does not reflect funding for vouchers or cash transfers.

** Totals for FY 2017 include support to Central African refugees sheltering in Cameroon, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Republic of the Congo.


Country Specific Guidance

Related Resources

Last updated: May 01, 2019

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