- What We Do
- Agriculture and Food Security
- Democracy, Human Rights and Governance
- Economic Growth and Trade
- Ending Extreme Poverty
- Environment and Global Climate Change
- Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment
- Global Health
- Water and Sanitation
- Working in Crises and Conflict
- U.S. Global Development Lab
April 24, 2017
Food Security Situation
Due to political unrest in Burundi, hundreds of thousands of people have fled into neighboring countries or have become internally displaced. As of April 2017, the International Organization for Migration estimates that more than100,000 Burundians are internally displaced, while, according to the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), more than 400,000 Burundians have crossed borders into neighboring countries and become refugees or asylum-seekers. Burundi also hosts some 57,000 refugees from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), UNHCR reports.
Erratic rainfall and economic decline related to the political unrest have led to most households in Burundi experiencing Stressed (IPC Phase 2)* acute food insecurity, according to the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET), while some are experiencing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity.
Food Assistance Programs
Through support from USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (FFP), the UN World Food Program (WFP) targets more than 1.4 million DRC refugees, Burundian returnees, host communities, and vulnerable Burundians in Cankuzo, Kirundo, Bujumbura rural, Ngozi, Rutana, and Gitega provinces. The WFP program entails general food distributions, food-for-assets activities, and targeted supplementary feeding for pregnant and lactating women and children under age 2.
FFP supports the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to provide ready-to-use-therapeutic food to treat severe acute malnutrition in children under age 5.
FFP also supports a development program with Catholic Relief Services (CRS) in Muyinga province that aims to improve the nutritional status of children during their first 1,000 days of life. CRS seeks to reduce chronic malnutrition in children under age 5, strengthen community-level systems for health and nutrition, introduce behavior change that promotes better health and nutrition, and increase regular access to nutritious food.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2017||$7.6 million||9,130 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2016||$17.6 million||6,592 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2015||$23.7 million||6,590 MT|
Fiscal Year 2017 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||---||4,500 MT|
|Title II Emergency||$7.6 million||4,630 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||---|
*The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the severity and magnitude of food insecurity. The IPC scale, which is comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal—IPC I—to Famine—IPC 5.
Food Security Situation information provided by FEWS NET and FAO as of April 2017.
Country Specific Guidance:
- USAID Office of Food for Peace: Food Security Country Framework for Burundi FY 2014-2019 (PDF, 1 MB)
- Engender Burundi Sexual Violence Assessment Final Report (PDF, 585 KB)
- 2008 Burundi Population Survey: Household and Housing (PDF, 960 KB)
- 2008 Burundi Population Survey: Mortality (PDF, 5 MB)
- 2008 Burundi Population Survey: Poverty (PDF, 1 MB)
Additional Resources from FY 2010:
Last updated: April 25, 2017