Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Burundi

September 23, 2016

Food Security Situation

Map of Burundi
CIA World Factbook
  • Since April 2015, ongoing political unrest in Burundi has caused thousands to flee into neighboring countries or become internally displaced. By August 31, 2016, the UN estimated that more than 285,000 refugees had crossed borders into neighboring countries while the International Organization for Migration has identified more than 108,000 internally displaced persons in seven provinces.

  • The most recent harvest was above-average nationally, although four provinces in the Eastern Arid Plateaus and Congo-Nile Ridge reported below-average production due to ongoing conflict. The Famine Early Warning Systems Network projects that Crisis (IPC Phase 3) levels of food insecurity will occur in some of these areas with lower production during the September-December lean season.

  • According to the UN World Food Program (WFP) and the Food and Agriculture Organization, more than 40 percent of Burundi’s population is facing chronic or acute food insecurity, including 2.3 million who are severely food insecure.

Food Assistance Programs

  • The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) supports WFP in meeting the emergency food needs of one million refugees, returnees and host community members in Cancuzo, Ngozi, Ruyigi, Muyinga, Makamba and Rutana provinces. The program includes general food distributions and food vouchers for refugees in camps and transit centers, food for assets activities, and targeted supplementary feeding for pregnant and lactating women and children under two.

  • FFP supports the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) by providing Ready to Use Therapeutic Food to treat severe acute malnutrition of children under five.

  • FFP partners with Catholic Relief Services (CRS) in Muyinga province to address the underlying causes of malnutrition and food insecurity. CRS seeks to reduce chronic malnutrition in children under five, strengthen community level systems for health and nutrition, introduce behavior changes that promote better health and nutrition, and increase regular access to nutritious food.

Food for Peace Contributions

    Total Contributions:

      U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
    Fiscal Year 2016 $26.8 million 15,312 MT
    Fiscal Year 2015 $23.7 million 6,590 MT
    Fiscal Year 2014 $20.7 million 6,250 MT

    Fiscal Year 2016 Contribution Breakdown:

      U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
    Title II Development $13.7 million 10,070 MT
    Title II Emergency $5.1 million 2,450 MT
    Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) $8 million 2,792 MT

    Food Security Situation information provided by FEWS NET and FAO as of August 2016.

    Country Specific Guidance:

    Additional Resources from FY 2010:

    Last updated: September 23, 2016

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