Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Burundi

Map of Burundi

March 13, 2019


  • As of January 2019, ongoing political unrest and natural disasters in Burundi had internally displaced more than 140,000 Burundians, while approximately 347,000 have fled as refugees into nearby countries, according to the UN. Additionally, violence in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has driven roughly 77,000 Congolese refugees into Burundi. Following an agreement between Burundi, Tanzania, and the UN High Commissioner for Refugees in August 2017, nearly 58,000 Burundian refugees voluntarily returned to Burundi in 2018. Many displaced and returnee populations face challenges accessing land to farm and other means of income generation; as a result, they continue to depend on external assistance.
  • Approximately 1.7 million Burundians faced Crisis (IPC 3) or worse levels of acute food insecurity from October to December 2018, according the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification Working Group.*
  • According to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET), abundant rainfall in December and January will likely bolster February harvests, leading to Stressed (IPC 2) outcomes for most households through May 2019.

* The Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the severity and magnitude of food insecurity. The IPC scale, which is comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal (IPC 1) to Famine (IPC 5). 


  • USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (FFP) partners with the UN World Food Program (WFP) to provide emergency assistance to vulnerable, food-insecure Burundians and Congolese refugees with food sourced from U.S., local and regional markets and cash transfers for food. With FFP support, WFP also provides children younger than 5 years of age and pregnant and lactating women with specialized nutritious foods for the treatment and management of acute malnutrition. FFP support enables the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to provide ready-to-use therapeutic food to treat severe acute malnutrition in children younger than 5.
  • In Muyinga Province, FFP supports development activities led by Catholic Relief Services (CRS) that aim to improve the nutritional status of children. CRS seeks to prevent chronic malnutrition in children younger than 5, strengthen community-level systems for health and nutrition, foster positive behavior change and increase regular access to nutritious food.

Food for Peace Contributions

    Total Contributions:

      U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
    Fiscal Year 2019 $13.3 million 9,819 MT
    Fiscal Year 2018 $30.1 million 11,360 MT
    Fiscal Year 2017 $28.8 million 16,376 MT


    Country Specific Guidance:

    Additional Resources from FY 2010:

    Last updated: March 14, 2019

    Share This Page