September 23, 2016
Food Security Situation
Since April 2015, ongoing political unrest in Burundi has caused thousands to flee into neighboring countries or become internally displaced. By August 31, 2016, the UN estimated that more than 285,000 refugees had crossed borders into neighboring countries while the International Organization for Migration has identified more than 108,000 internally displaced persons in seven provinces.
The most recent harvest was above-average nationally, although four provinces in the Eastern Arid Plateaus and Congo-Nile Ridge reported below-average production due to ongoing conflict. The Famine Early Warning Systems Network projects that Crisis (IPC Phase 3) levels of food insecurity will occur in some of these areas with lower production during the September-December lean season.
According to the UN World Food Program (WFP) and the Food and Agriculture Organization, more than 40 percent of Burundi’s population is facing chronic or acute food insecurity, including 2.3 million who are severely food insecure.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) supports WFP in meeting the emergency food needs of one million refugees, returnees and host community members in Cancuzo, Ngozi, Ruyigi, Muyinga, Makamba and Rutana provinces. The program includes general food distributions and food vouchers for refugees in camps and transit centers, food for assets activities, and targeted supplementary feeding for pregnant and lactating women and children under two.
FFP supports the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) by providing Ready to Use Therapeutic Food to treat severe acute malnutrition of children under five.
FFP partners with Catholic Relief Services (CRS) in Muyinga province to address the underlying causes of malnutrition and food insecurity. CRS seeks to reduce chronic malnutrition in children under five, strengthen community level systems for health and nutrition, introduce behavior changes that promote better health and nutrition, and increase regular access to nutritious food.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2016||$26.8 million||15,312 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2015||$23.7 million||6,590 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$20.7 million||6,250 MT|
Fiscal Year 2016 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||$13.7 million||10,070 MT|
|Title II Emergency||$5.1 million||2,450 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||$8 million||2,792 MT|
Food Security Situation information provided by FEWS NET and FAO as of August 2016.
Country Specific Guidance:
- USAID Office of Food for Peace: Food Security Country Framework for Burundi FY 2014-2019 (PDF, 1 MB)
- Engender Burundi Sexual Violence Assessment Final Report (PDF, 585 KB)
- 2008 Burundi Population Survey: Household and Housing (PDF, 960 KB)
- 2008 Burundi Population Survey: Mortality (PDF, 5 MB)
- 2008 Burundi Population Survey: Poverty (PDF, 1 MB)
Additional Resources from FY 2010:
Last updated: September 23, 2016