June 1, 2016
Food Security Situation
Since April 2015, after President Nkurunziza decided to run for a third term, ongoing political unrest in Burundi has caused thousands to flee into neighboring countries or become internally displaced. By May 2016, UNHCR estimated more than 260,000 refugees had crossed borders into neighboring countries while IOM has identified more than 40,000 Internally displaced persons in four provinces.
The January to February 2016 harvest was below-average in conflict-affected areas due to El Niño. This has caused poor households to deplete their stocks, as agricultural production has been disrupted and market prices for staple foods have increased, specifically for beans, maize, and rice. In addition, the reduction of seasonal migration due to security concerns has disrupted livelihoods and has contributed to the lack of food access. FEWS NET predicts that Stressed (IPC Phase 2) and Crisis (IPC Phase 3) levels of food insecurity are likely to persist in conflict-affected areas until September 2016 as a result of these factors and the fact that the June to September 2016 harvest is expected to be five to ten percent below the five-year average.
According to the UN World Food Program (WFP), just under half of Burundi’s population is facing food insecurity with 5.9 percent severely food insecure and 40.1 percent moderately food insecure.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) supports WFP in meeting the emergency food needs of one million refugees, returnees and host community members in Cancuzo, Ngozi, Ruyigi, Muyinga, Makamba and Rutana provinces. The program includes general food distributions, food for assets activities, and targeted supplementary feeding for pregnant and lactating women and children under two.
FFP supports the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) in providing Ready to Use Therapeutic Food (RUTF) to treat severe acute malnutrition of children under five.
FFP partners with Catholic Relief Services (CRS) in Muyinga province to address the underlying causes of malnutrition and food insecurity. CRS seeks to reduce chronic malnutrition in children under five, strengthen community level systems for health and nutrition, introduce behavior changes that promote better health and nutrition, and increase regular access to nutritious food.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2016||$11.3 million||2,100 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2015||$23.7 million||6,590 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$20.7 million||6,250 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$19.3 million||12,920 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$19.4 million||14,050 MT|
Fiscal Year 2016 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||----||----|
|Title II Emergency||$3.3 million||2,100 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||$8 million||----|
Food Security Situation information provided by FEWS NET as of January 2016.
Country Specific Guidance:
- USAID Office of Food for Peace: Food Security Country Framework for Burundi FY 2014-2019 (PDF, 1 MB)
- Engender Burundi Sexual Violence Assessment Final Report (PDF, 585 KB)
- 2008 Burundi Population Survey: Household and Housing (PDF, 960 KB)
- 2008 Burundi Population Survey: Mortality (PDF, 5 MB)
- 2008 Burundi Population Survey: Poverty (PDF, 1 MB)
Additional Resources from FY 2010:
Last updated: June 03, 2016