Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Burma

August 18, 2015

Food Security Situation

Map of Burma
CIA World Factbook
  • Burma, a country in transition, has an estimated population of approximately 56 million comprising 135 different ethnic groups. Regional production disparities caused by local policies, high food prices, pest outbreaks, limited agricultural and financial inputs, armed conflict and communal violence pose threats to nationwide food security. 

  • Access to adequate and nutritionally-balanced food in Burma remains a major challenge for the most vulnerable populations. Twenty-six percent of the population lives below the poverty line, and an estimated 17 percent of households are food insecure. More than one-third of child deaths are due to under-nutrition, and 35 percent of children under age five are stunted.

Food Assistance Programs

  • In Fiscal Year 2016, USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (FFP) has contributed $5 million to the UN World Food Program (WFP). This assistance supports WFP to locally and regionally procure food for approximately 55,000 of the more than 200,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) and other vulnerable communities in Kachin, Northern Shan and Rakhine states as well as those affected by floods last August. Since 2011, FFP has partnered with WFP to purchase locally produced rice, pulses, salts and fortified blended foods, as well as vegetable oil produced in the region.

  • In Fiscal Year 2015, FFP contributed $10 million to the UN World Food Program (WFP) to provide locally and regionally procured food for IDPs in Kachin, Northern Shan and Rakhine states. Through an additional $3 million contribution in FY 2015, FFP also supported WFP to provide relief and recovery assistance to populations impacted by the August floods again with locally and regionally purchased food.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contibutions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2016 $5.0 million 5,487 MT
Fiscal Year 2015 $13.0 million 13,968 MT
Fiscal Year 2014 $9.5 million 10,807 MT
Fiscal Year 2013 $8.0 million 8,363 MT
Fiscal Year 2012 $3.0 million 3,426 MT

Fiscal Year 2016 Contibution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development ---- ----
Title II Emergency ---- ----
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) $5.0 million 5,487 MT

Note: MT: Metric Ton; EFSP: Emergency Food Security Program
Food security and refugee information provided by WFP and FAO
FY 2016 contribution based on funds obligated to date

Last updated: June 03, 2016

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