Food Security Situation
Burkina Faso is classified as a least developed, low income, and food deficit country. The United Nations (UN) Development Program 2014 Human Development Index ranks Burkina Faso 181 out of 187 countries, and over 44 percent of the population lives below the poverty line. Food insecurity affects 50 percent of households, global acute malnutrition among children under five is above 8 percent and stunting among children under five is nearly 30 percent.
The 2012 coup d’état in neighboring Mali and rebel uprising in the north displaced hundreds of thousands of Malians. An estimated 32,082 refugees remain in Burkina Faso, placing additional strain on the food security of host communities.
In the country’s northern agropastoral zones, poor households are facing stressed levels of acute food insecurity due to the early exhaustion of food stocks and unfavorable terms of trade.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) targets food insecure Burkinabes and Malian refugees throughout Burkina Faso. FFP supports the UN World Food Program (WFP) to respond to acute malnutrition and strengthen the resilience of vulnerable and food-insecure populations through targeted food distributions, food and cash-for assets, and targeted and blanket supplementary feeding.
FFP also partners with Catholic Relief Services (CRS) and ACDI/VOCA to implement five year development programs with core interventions in the areas of agriculture and natural resource management, health and nutrition, and civil society strengthening. The programs focus on improving the nutritional status of the most vulnerable populations including pregnant and lactating women and children under two. Targeted food distributions, food-for-work activities, school feedings, and take home rations allow households to increase their consumption of nutritious foods while enhancing household dietary diversity. Through its programs, FFP implements a broad range of long-term strategies that aim to strengthen Burkina Faso’s resilience to future shock and reduce the need for outside food assistance.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2015||$6.5 million||4,260 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$26.8 million||4,190 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$7.7 million||5,440 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$25.8 million||16,860 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2011||$11.7 million||7,430 MT|
Fiscal Year 2015 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||$3.2 million||2,590 MT|
|Title II Emergency||$3.3 million||1,670 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||----||----|
Food Security Situation information provided by UNDP, UNHCR, WFP and FEWS Net as of May 2015.
FY 2014 contribution includes $20 million in Community Development Funds (CDF)
FY 2015 contribution based on funds obligated to date
Country Specific Guidance
Last updated: June 03, 2016