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Ambassador P. Michael McKinley

Term of Appointment: 12/2014 to present

Ambassador P. Michael McKinley

Ambassador P. Michael McKinley was nominated as the next U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan on August 28, 2014, and confirmed by the Senate on December 9, 2014.  He was U.S. Deputy Ambassador to Afghanistan from September 28, 2013 to December 2014.  Before that, he served as U.S. Ambassador to Colombia from August, 2010 – August, 2013 and U.S. Ambassador to Peru from 2007-2010. 

Ambassador McKinley was Deputy Chief of Mission at the U.S. Mission to the European Union in Brussels between 2004 and 2007. From 2001-2004, he served as Deputy Assistant Secretary in the Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration. Between 1994 and 2001, Ambassador McKinley was Deputy Chief of Mission and Chargé d' Affaires at U.S. Embassies in Mozambique, Uganda, and Belgium. Earlier assignments include U.S. Embassy London (1990-94), three tours in Washington (1985-90), and Bolivia (1983-85). Ambassador McKinley joined the Foreign Service in 1982. 

Ambassador McKinley was born in Venezuela and grew up in Brazil, Mexico, Spain, and the United States. He did his undergraduate and graduate studies in the United Kingdom, and has a doctorate from Oxford University. His history of colonial Venezuela was published by Cambridge University Press as part of its Latin America series, and has also appeared in a Spanish edition.  Ambassador McKinley is married to the former Fatima Salces.  They have three children.

Visit the website of the Embassy of the United States in Kabul, Afghanistan


USAID Mission Director Herbert Smith

Term of Appointment: 9/2015 to present

Herbert Smith, USAID/Afghanistan Mission Director

On September 3, 2015, Herbert Smith was sworn in as Mission Director to Afghanistan.

Mr. Smith most recently served as USAID’s Mission Director in Yemen and as Acting Mission Director in USAID/Haiti.

Mr. Smith has been with USAID since 1979 serving in both Washington in the Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) and in numerous overseas posts including Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Indonesia and Lebanon. From 2007-2008, Mr. Smith served as the Deputy Team Leader of the Provincial Reconstruction Team in Fallujah for USAID/Iraq and from 2008-2010, he was the Director of USAID/Afghanistan's Office of Provincial Reconstruction Teams, where he was responsible for 150 American Officers working on Provincial Reconstruction Teams throughout the country.

Mr. Smith has an M.A. in international affairs from American University, and a B.A. in political science from the University of Delaware. He served as a Peace Corps Volunteer in Senegal from 1976 to 1978. He is married to Sarah, and father to Christian and Andrew. Mr. Smith is a native of Delaware and has a permanent home there in Ocean View.


USAID Deputy Mission Director Arthur Brown

Term of Appointment: 6/2015 to present

USAID/Afghanistan's DMD Arthur Brown

Mr. Arthur Brown is a Senior Foreign Service Officer with the rank of Counselor for the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).  He has worked for the federal government for more than 20 years. He was assigned as the USAID Deputy Mission Director to Kabul, Afghanistan in June 2015. Prior to that, Mr. Brown served as the USAID/Nicaragua Mission Director from July 2012 to April 2015 where he was responsible for leading, directing, and managing economic growth, democracy and governance, health, environmental, and education programs. 

Prior to serving in Central America, Mr. Brown served as the USAID/DRC Deputy Mission Director. In Kinshasa, Mr. Brown helped lead on humanitarian assistance, and peace & security programs from 2009 to 2011.  Before joining the team in the Congo, from 2008 to 2009 Mr. Brown represented USAID at the National Defense University (NDU).  From 2005 to 2008, Mr. Brown served in a senior leadership capacity securing financial resources and providing fiscal oversight for a budget exceeding $2.5 billion within the Bureau for Democracy, Conflict and Humanitarian Assistance (DCHA) as the Bureau’s Financial Controller. He also worked in several USAID Missions from 2000 to 2005 including Nigeria, Guinea & Sierra Leone, and regional operations out of Botswana covering Namibia with extended TDYs to USAID/Madagascar, and to USAID/Benin as Acting Director. Prior to his Foreign Service career at USAID, Mr. Brown served as a Senior Financial Manager at the JHPIEGO Corporation working in the Maternal/Child Health & HIV/AIDS sectors.
Mr. Brown holds an M.B.A. from Johns Hopkins University, he attended the National War College (NWC) and received an M.S. in National Security Strategy, and he has a B.A. from the University of Virginia. Additionally, Mr. Brown is a graduate of the United States Special Operations Command (SOCOM)'s Joint Special Operations University (JSOU) Combined/Joint Force Special Operations Component Commander Course (C/JFSOCC). He holds various USAID Meritorious Honor Awards, and the Administrator’s Management Improvement Award, along with Special Act, Meritorious Group, and Teamwork Awards. Mr. Brown also is a distinguished recipient of the U.S. Peace Corps’ Franklin H. Williams award for Outstanding Community Leaders.
Mr. Brown has served in a variety of civic and charitable organizations, including providing domestic community service through volunteering in Washington, DC at the Women Infants and Children (WIC) welfare program and providing volunteer public health services at The Washington Free Clinic.  Mr. Brown has also served as an Executive Board Member for the Baltimore, Maryland based Ashburton Community Association. Additionally, Mr. Brown served as a Rural Community Development Extension Agent in the Republic of Bénin, West Africa, Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs where he was a U.S. Peace Corps Volunteer (PCV).  
Mr. Brown is married to Krista Luchie Brown (BSN, RN, MS).  She is a Certified Family Nurse Practitioner (CRNP), and Returned Peace Corps Volunteer-Togo.  They have a son and a daughter together.


USAID Deputy Mission Director Tamra Halmrast-Sanchez

Term of Appointment: 09/2015 to present

Tamra Halmrast-Sanchez

Ms. Halmrast-Sanchez has over 30 year experience in international development and humanitarian assistance.  Currently she serves as the Deputy Mission Director for US Agency for International Development’s (USAID) Mission in Afghanistan. 

Prior to joining USAID/Afghanistan, Ms. Halmrast-Sanchez served in USAID/Yemen as the Technical Officer Director (2013-2015) managing a diverse portfolio supporting Yemen’s National Dialogue and transitional government.  From 2011-2013 she served as the Director for USAID’s Office of American Schools and Hospitals Abroad (ASHA) managing over 200 awards worldwide.  She spent three years in Iraq for USAID.  From 2008-2009 she was a member of a United States Government’s Provincial Reconstruction Team (PRT) as the Senior Development Advisor embedded with the U.S. Brigade Combat Team, serving Baghdad.  She was then appointed USAID’s Office Director for PRTs, traveling extensively throughout the country working with USAID Representatives, Iraqi partners and stakeholders in building Iraqi’s local capacity. 

Over the course of her career with USAID, Ms. Halmrast-Sanchez has worked throughout Latin America and the Caribbean, Africa, Europe, Asia, and the Middle East.  She spent 13 years in USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) managing the U.S. Government’s response to approximately 75 disasters and complex emergencies globally each year and provided humanitarian assistance to hundreds of thousands people affected by these devastating events.  She served as the Disaster Assistance Response Team (DART) leader in response to Hurricane Mitch in Honduras (1998), civil strife in Kosovo (1999), famine in Ethiopia (2000), and the earthquake in Bam, Iran (2004).  Ms. Halmrast-Sanchez also served as USAID’s Director for Operations for the responses to the 2005 earthquake Pakistan and the 2007 conflict in Lebanon.  

Other career highlights include her leadership in creating and implementing the management system  used by USAID for responding to disasters and complex emergencies worldwide. Her work was instrumental to the creation of the African Center for Constructive Resolutions of Disputes (ACCORD), a South African-based civil society organization working throughout Africa to bring African solutions to the challenges posed by conflict on the continent.

Ms. Halmrast-Sanchez started her career as a Peace Corps Volunteer in Guatemala (1984-1986).  She received a Bachelor of Science degree in Education from Valley City State College in 1983, and a Master’s degree from the National Defense University’s Industrial College of the Armed Forces in 2005.   She has received numerous awards for her service with USAID.


USAID Deputy Mission Director John Cardenas

Term of Appointment: 10/2015 to present

John Cardenas, USAID/Afghanistan Deputy Mission Director

Mr. John Cardenas is the USAID/Afghanistan Deputy Mission Director with responsibility for managing the Mission's $1.2 billion Infrastructure portfolio as well as the offices of Agriculture, Economic Growth, and Acquisition and Assistance.  He is the chair of the Mission's counter-terrorism vetting program, the water working group, and the Almaty Consensus working group.  He previously served as the Resident Legal Officer in Afghanistan (2014), Peru (2009-2014) and Egypt (2005-2009).  With 13 years of USAID experience, he has received several Agency awards for bilateral negotiations involving privileges and immunities issues in Egypt and Bolivia, and was a leader in piloting procurement reform activities across USAID missions in South America.  Prior to joining USAID, he was a transactional lawyer at O'Melveny and Myers in Los Angeles.  He holds a U.S. national high school swim record; an A.B., magna cum laude, from Princeton University; and M.A. (Political Science) and J.D. degrees from Stanford University.  His three young children are fourth generation California natives.


Last updated: March 08, 2016

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