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Ambassador P. Michael McKinley
Term of Appointment: 12/2014 to present
Ambassador P. Michael McKinley was nominated as the next U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan on August 28, 2014, and confirmed by the Senate on December 9, 2014. He was U.S. Deputy Ambassador to Afghanistan from September 28, 2013 to December 2014. Before that, he served as U.S. Ambassador to Colombia from August, 2010 – August, 2013 and U.S. Ambassador to Peru from 2007-2010.
Ambassador McKinley was Deputy Chief of Mission at the U.S. Mission to the European Union in Brussels between 2004 and 2007. From 2001-2004, he served as Deputy Assistant Secretary in the Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration. Between 1994 and 2001, Ambassador McKinley was Deputy Chief of Mission and Chargé d' Affaires at U.S. Embassies in Mozambique, Uganda, and Belgium. Earlier assignments include U.S. Embassy London (1990-94), three tours in Washington (1985-90), and Bolivia (1983-85). Ambassador McKinley joined the Foreign Service in 1982.
Ambassador McKinley was born in Venezuela and grew up in Brazil, Mexico, Spain, and the United States. He did his undergraduate and graduate studies in the United Kingdom, and has a doctorate from Oxford University. His history of colonial Venezuela was published by Cambridge University Press as part of its Latin America series, and has also appeared in a Spanish edition. Ambassador McKinley is married to the former Fatima Salces. They have three children.
Visit the website of the Embassy of the United States in Kabul, Afghanistan
USAID Mission Director William Hammink
Term of Appointment: 7/2013 to present
William Hammink became Director of USAID’s largest mission on June 20. Mr. Hammink was sworn in as USAID/Afghanistan mission director by USAID Administrator Raj Shah in Washington, DC.
Mr. Hammink is a Career Minister in the Senior Foreign Service, with more than 32 years at USAID working on international development and humanitarian programs.
He served as USAID mission director in India from August 2011 until his Afghanistan appointment, overseeing a $109 million program addressing the critical challenges of food security, climate change and health. Under his leadership, the mission engaged in a new model of development cooperation, in which U.S. assistance was a powerful catalyst in the creation of innovative alliances with Indian public and private partners to reduce poverty in India. This new development model also sought to leverage Indian creativity, expertise and resources to source, and scale innovations being developed and tested in India that would benefit vulnerable populations in other countries.
Prior to his mission in India, Mr. Hammink was USAID mission director in Sudan from 2009 until 2011. The Agency helped parties of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement implement many of the agreement’s provisions, including nationwide elections in April 2010—the first multiparty elections since 1986—and a peaceful, on-time referendum on South Sudan’s self-determination in January 2011.
Earlier, Mr. Hammink was deputy assistant administrator in the USAID Bureau for Economic Growth, Agriculture and Trade. Appointed to this position in September 2007, He provided senior policy advisory and management services in agriculture, economic growth, development credit and education. He also co-chaired a U.S. Government interagency food security task force and served as the USAID representative to the G-8 food security experts group.
Mr. Hammink managed more than $2 billion in U.S. food aid as director of the Office of Food for Peace, from 2006-2007, testifying before three U.S. congressional committees on reauthorization of the Farm Bill. From 2003 to 2006, he was USAID mission director in Ethiopia, managing one of the largest USAID programs in sub-Saharan Africa.
Mr. Hammink received bachelor's and master's degrees from the University of Minnesota, and has served in eight posts on three continents: India, Sudan, Swaziland, Senegal, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Russia and West Bank/Gaza.
USAID Deputy Mission Director Arthur Brown
Term of Appointment: 6/2015 to present
Mr. Arthur Brown is a Senior Foreign Service Officer with the rank of Counselor for the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). He has worked for the federal government for more than 20 years. He was assigned as the USAID Deputy Mission Director to Kabul, Afghanistan in June 2015. Prior to that, Mr. Brown served as the USAID/Nicaragua Mission Director from July 2012 to April 2015 where he was responsible for leading, directing, and managing economic growth, democracy and governance, health, environmental, and education programs.
USAID Deputy Mission Director Peter Duffy
Term of Appointment: 10/2014 to present
Peter Duffy is a career Foreign Service Officer with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). He currently serves as a Deputy Mission Director at USAID/Afghanistan. Most recently, he served as Director of the Program Office at USAID/Afghanistan, where he oversaw strategic planning, donor coordination, and monitoring and evaluation for the USAID’s overall portfolio of projects. From 2010-2012, he served as Program Office Director for the USAID Mission to Ukraine, Belarus, and Moldova. From 2009-2010, he was Director of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas Development Program at USAID/Pakistan, overseeing a multi-sector assistance program focusing on the areas along the Pakistan-Afghanistan border.
Mr. Duffy served as Private Enterprise Officer and Program Officer at USAID/Kosovo from 2005-2009, during which Kosovo declared its independence. In Kosovo, he also oversaw the design and implementation of USAID’s conflict mitigation programs. From 2004-2005, Mr. Duffy was the Director of the Economic Growth Office at USAID/Pakistan, helping launch the Economic Growth portfolio shortly after USAID re-established a presence in country.
Prior to joining the Foreign Service in 2003, Mr. Duffy served as a Peace Corps Volunteer in Kazakhstan, and worked as a U.S. Personal Services Contractor at USAID/Azerbaijan.
Mr. Duffy holds a B.S. in Television, Radio, and Film Management from Syracuse University and an M.B.A from Thunderbird, the American Graduate School of International Management. Mr. Duffy is a native of Reading, Massachusetts.
USAID Deputy Mission Director Roy Plucknett
Term of Appointment: 5/2014 to present
Roy Plucknett, a career member of the Senior Foreign Service, joined USAID Afghanistan as one of three Deputy Mission Directors. He arrived in Kabul after a tour in the Republic of Georgia, as the USAID Deputy Mission Director from September 2012 to March 2014. Previously he served from September 2010 to June 2012 as the Director of Acquisition and Assistance for USAID Afghanistan.
He began his U.S. Government career in 1988, as a Contracting Officer with the Defense Logistics Agency in Washington, D.C. Since joining USAID in 1993, he has served as a Contracting Officer in Washington, and the Missions in Ukraine (1996-1998), Egypt (2000-2005), and West Bank and Gaza (2005-2010).
Roy Plucknett was born in Honolulu, HI, and earned his undergraduate degree from George Mason University and a master’s degree in management from Florida Institute of Technology. He is married to Andrea Plucknett. They have two children.
Last updated: August 27, 2015