Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Bangladesh

January 18, 2017

Food Security Situation 

Map of Bangladesh
CIA World Factbook
  • Bangladesh is susceptible to many natural disasters including floods and cyclones.  The negative effects of frequent natural disasters are compounded by a high poverty rate of 31.5 percent.  Nearly three-quarters of Bangladesh's 156 million people live in rural areas where they rely on agriculture and fishing for their daily income and food needs.  Approximately one-quarter of Bangladeshis are food insecure. 

  • In addition to natural disasters, the most socially vulnerable Bangladeshis have historically suffered from lack of access to health and hygiene services.  These various factors, along with relatively high domestic prices for rice -- the staple food crop -- combine to heighten food insecurity, particularly amongst the rural poor.

  • From 2006-2009, Bangladesh reduced chronic undernutrition -- or stunting -- in children by 28 percent, but today, more than 35 percent of children under five years of age still suffer from stunting.  The food security pillars – availability, access, and utilization – are constrained by health, economic, social, and governance factors, all exacerbated by increasingly frequent and intensified natural disasters and the impact of global climate change.

Food Assistance Programs

  • The Office of Food for Peace (FFP), in coordination with USAID Bangladesh, enjoys a strong working relationship with the Government of Bangladesh. FFP has been funding food assistance programs since 1976. 

  • FFP partners with CARE, Helen Keller International and World Vision to implement multi-year development projects designed to improve agriculture, livelihoods, maternal and child health, disaster risk reduction and community resilience, climate change and adaptation, and women’s empowerment in multiple regions throughout the country.  In Fiscal Year 2016, FFP provided $31.4 million  to these development programs including 49,420 MT of in-kind Title II development assistance. 

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2016 $31.4 million 49,420 MT
Fiscal Year 2015 $37.9million 75,090 MT
Fiscal Year 2014 $36.0 million 61,900 MT
Fiscal Year 2013 $41.3 million 68,540 MT
Fiscal Year 2012 $42.8 million 81,350 MT

Fiscal Year 2016 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development $31.4 million 49,420 MT
Title II Emergency ---- ----
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) ---- ----

Note: MT: Metric Ton; Food Security Situation information provided by CARE and U.N. World Food Program (WFP). 

To read more about USAID Feed the Future initiatives in Bangladesh, follow this link.

To read how FFP and Feed the Future are partnering to scale-up aquaculture in Bangladesh, click on this link.

Country Specific Information

Other Resources

Smart Phones and a Web-Based Software Improve Program Monitoring

Monjuara is a Bangladeshi mother that wants the best for her children. Armed with new health, agriculture and nutrition practices she learned from USAID, Monjuara can continue to dream of a better life for her family and is paying it forward in her community. In Bangladesh, where over 60 million people survive on less than $1.25 per day, USAID is arming millions of parents like Monjuara with the skills to break the cycle of poverty. 

Last updated: May 01, 2017

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