January 18, 2017
Food Security Situation
Bangladesh is susceptible to many natural disasters including floods and cyclones. The negative effects of frequent natural disasters are compounded by a high poverty rate of 31.5 percent. Nearly three-quarters of Bangladesh's 156 million people live in rural areas where they rely on agriculture and fishing for their daily income and food needs. Approximately one-quarter of Bangladeshis are food insecure.
In addition to natural disasters, the most socially vulnerable Bangladeshis have historically suffered from lack of access to health and hygiene services. These various factors, along with relatively high domestic prices for rice -- the staple food crop -- combine to heighten food insecurity, particularly amongst the rural poor.
From 2006-2009, Bangladesh reduced chronic undernutrition -- or stunting -- in children by 28 percent, but today, more than 35 percent of children under five years of age still suffer from stunting. The food security pillars – availability, access, and utilization – are constrained by health, economic, social, and governance factors, all exacerbated by increasingly frequent and intensified natural disasters and the impact of global climate change.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP), in coordination with USAID Bangladesh, enjoys a strong working relationship with the Government of Bangladesh. FFP has been funding food assistance programs since 1976.
FFP partners with CARE, Helen Keller International and World Vision to implement multi-year development projects designed to improve agriculture, livelihoods, maternal and child health, disaster risk reduction and community resilience, climate change and adaptation, and women’s empowerment in multiple regions throughout the country. In Fiscal Year 2016, FFP provided $31.4 million to these development programs including 49,420 MT of in-kind Title II development assistance.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2016||$31.4 million||49,420 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2015||$37.9million||75,090 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$36.0 million||61,900 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$41.3 million||68,540 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$42.8 million||81,350 MT|
Fiscal Year 2016 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||$31.4 million||49,420 MT|
|Title II Emergency||----||----|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||----||----|
Note: MT: Metric Ton; Food Security Situation information provided by CARE and U.N. World Food Program (WFP).
To read more about USAID Feed the Future initiatives in Bangladesh, follow this link.
To read how FFP and Feed the Future are partnering to scale-up aquaculture in Bangladesh, click on this link.
Country Specific Information
Monjuara is a Bangladeshi mother that wants the best for her children. Armed with new health, agriculture and nutrition practices she learned from USAID, Monjuara can continue to dream of a better life for her family and is paying it forward in her community. In Bangladesh, where over 60 million people survive on less than $1.25 per day, USAID is arming millions of parents like Monjuara with the skills to break the cycle of poverty.
Last updated: January 25, 2017