USAID’s wide-ranging work supports U.S. policy objectives in peace and security, democracy and governance, health and education, economic growth, and humanitarian assistance. We implement three major U.S. presidential initiatives in Uganda: Feed the Future, the Global Health Initiative and the Global Climate Change Initiative.
Bridging Europe and Eurasia, Ukraine’s geography makes it central to regional stability and security. Today’s Ukraine struggles to unify with its western neighbors by pursuing pro-European reforms while staving off Russian-backed separatists fighting within its eastern borders. In this context, USAID works with leaders throughout Ukraine to build a stable, democratic, and prosperous future. USAID programs primarily focus on good governance, economic growth, strengthened health services and humanitarian assistance.
Developing an independent, stable, prosperous and democratic Central Asia is vital to regional and global security, and Uzbekistan plays a pivotal role. As Central Asia’s most populous country, with extensive natural resources and transportation links, Uzbekistan is a potential force for economic growth and stability in the region.
West Africa Regional
West Africa’s tremendous resources—human, agricultural, and mineral—are dogged by political instability, poor governance, environmental degradation, disease, extreme poverty, and lack of private investment opportunities. To combat these challenges, USAID’s West Africa Regional Mission, located in Accra, Ghana, implements innovative regional activities to address trans-boundary issues, as well as activities in countries where there is no USAID mission.
West Bank and Gaza
The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is the principal U.S. government agency that administers the United States’ foreign assistance program in the West Bank and Gaza. Building the institutions of a viable future Palestinian state is a core U.S.
In 2014 and 2015, conflict escalated throughout Yemen and disrupted the political transition process that followed 2011 protests over lack of economic opportunity, corruption and other issues. The country now faces a humanitarian crisis, with the UN estimating that 21.2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance (82% of the population), more than any other crisis today.
In Zambia, the last 12 years of impressive economic growth raised the average per capita income to over $1,700 and made it a lower-middle-income country. The past year saw a significant economic crisis with decreases in the global demand for copper and other minerals, significant devaluation of the Kwacha and continual electricity deficits. Zambia’s more than two decades of successful multi-party democracy with two peaceful transitions between ruling political parties, however, has made the country a beacon of peace and security in sub-Saharan Africa.
Zimbabwe was once one of southern Africa’s most vibrant, productive, and resilient countries. However, over the past decade, the nation has faced a series of political and economic crises that have led to the general decline of Zimbabweans’ standard of living and a breakdown in public health, education, and infrastructure. Democratic development continues, as the country begins to implement a new constitution passed in 2013.
As of 2012, Zimbabwe had an estimated population of 13.7 million and a life expectancy of 56 years for men and 60 years for women. Furthermore, as of 2011, approximately 72 percent of all households were below the poverty line.
Although reforms since 2009 have helped stabilize the economy, a significant number of people are still food insecure. Formal unemployment levels remain very high and industries continue to operate well below capacity. The uncertain political climate and domestic policies restrict foreign and domestic investment needed for economic growth. The country’s estimated external debt of $8.9 billion, two-thirds of which is overdue, severely limits development lending to the country.
Zimbabwe’s high mortality and illness rates are a result of an under-resourced health delivery system, which is overstretched by the high burden of HIV, TB, and maternal and childhood illnesses. A decade of worsening economic conditions and rising costs has eroded a once vibrant health system. HIV prevalence has declined since its peak in the last decade; however, the country still has one of the highest prevalence rates in the world at 15 percent.
To ensure that its future is in the hands of Zimbabweans, USAID works with its partners and the Government to strengthen health services, increase food security, support economic resilience, and promote democratic governance.
Last updated: October 26, 2016