Virus-resistant citrus plants are offering healthier prospects to farmers in eastern Afghanistan. Diseased rootstock has been replaced by 500,000 seedlings planted across 1,500 acres in Nangarhar, Laghman and Kunar provinces between 2010 and 2012. Five years from now, they are expected to yield a rich harvest every year, earning an estimated $3 million in combined fruit sales.
Matiullah’s orchard produced nearly 60,000 kilos of apricots last season. It was a remarkable harvest from just two jeribs, says Matiullah, using the traditional Afghan unit, which equals 4,000 square meters. He says the yield is the result of professional pruning techniques. “We can easily control growth…not only do we get higher yields, harvesting is much easier.”
Haji Nazar Mohammad, chairman of the Kandahar Fresh Fruits Association, peers into a refractometer. He’s checking the sugar content of fruit, a skill newly learnt at post-harvest training provided by USAID’s Financial Access for Investing in the Development of Afghanistan (FAIDA).
An intensive, month-long media course supported by USAID changed all that. It taught Mr. Faiz and nine other volunteers of the Badghis Film Association in northwest Afghanistan the basics of cinematography, graphics and post-production. This training will help the Association improve its productions, including documentaries which focus on social issues.
Conditions improved after USAID’s Regional Afghan Municipalities Program for Urban Populations (RAMP UP) South program helped Kandahar City municipality build a new controlled site for waste. The site’s walls are compacted earth and it has a clay liner system that can withstand heavy vehicle movement. It can contain waste water.
Last updated: January 20, 2015