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October 23, 2017

Afghanistan is among the world’s high burdened countries for tuberculosis (TB), with an estimated 56,000 new TB cases each year. Since 2008, USAID has trained health workers on TB case detection, diagnosis, and treatment. Building on this foundation, the Challenge TB program aims to improve TB control in the country by increasing case detection, improving treatment, and strengthening the Ministry of Public Health’s ability to coordinate and direct TB activities.

October 23, 2017

Afghanistan has some of the highest levels of malnutrition among children and women in the world. More than 40 percent of Afghan children less than five years old have stunted growth -- a symptom of chronic malnutrition. Stunting has life-long repercussions. The WHO estimates that adults who were stunted as children earn 20 percent less than non-stunted individuals. This impacts both the nation’s productivity and long term development. In Afghanistan, malnutrition is linked to a two percent decrease in gross domestic product.

October 23, 2017

Since 2003, Afghanistan has witnessed significant progress in the health sector. In spite of these gains, mortality rates for Afghan women and children remain among some of the highest in the world. This is in part due to the limited use of birth spacing and family planning services. In 2013, Afghanistan ranked 185 out of 201 countries on child mortality rates, and pregnancy-related deaths remain high for women of childbearing age.

October 23, 2017

Diarrhea is the second leading cause of death among children under five worldwide. Most diarrhea-related deaths in children are due to dehydration from loss of large quantities of water and electrolytes from the body in liquid stools. Management of diarrhea either through oral rehydration salts (ORS) or a recommended home fluid can prevent many of these deaths. Since 2003, Afghanistan has treated childhood diarrhea using the Basic Package of Health service delivery model.

October 23, 2017

The United States Agency for International Development’s (USAID) Strengthening Pharmaceutical Systems (SPS) project seeks to increase the availability and use of quality medicines and pharmaceutical commodities in Afghanistan.

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Last updated: November 20, 2017

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