The key to a strong democracy and transparent government is a robust media and civil society sector. USAID’s Afghan Civic Engagement Program helps ensure that Afghan citizens are well-informed about the actions and performance of government institutions and officials, and that they have the means to freely influence public policy and advocate for political reform.
Through its Development Credit Authority (DCA) initiative, USAID provides partial credit guarantees to mobilize local financing in developing countries. Guarantee agreements encourage private lenders to extend financing to small-scale borrowers with less access to credit facilities. USAID/Afghanistan has two DCA activities: a $13.75 million Portable Guarantee for three microfinance institutions (MFIs): FINCA Afghanistan, OXUS Afghanistan, and First Microfinance Bank Afghanistan, and a $10.3 million Loan Portfolio Guarantee with Afghanistan International Bank (AIB).
The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) works with the Ministry of Education to improve educational attainment in Afghanistan and provide educational services that generate measureable learning outcomes. Currently, USAID is conducting a national Early Grade Reading survey, the results of which will provide information for the Ministry of Education and the international donor community to support early grade reading reform.
Gender-Based Violence (GBV) is not only a human rights violation but also a serious public health problem because of its physical, mental as well as sexual and reproductive health consequences. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the Afghan Ministry of Public Health developed a treatment protocol to help health workers provide better quality care to GBV survivors and strengthen the overall health sector response to this issue.
Afghanistan has some of the highest levels of malnutrition among children and women in the world. According to the National Nutrition Survey 2013, more than 40 percent of Afghan children less than five years old have stunted growth, a symptom of chronic malnutrition.
Last updated: June 25, 2016