Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Afghanistan

December 20, 2016

Food Security Situation

Map of Afghanistan
CIA World Factbook
  • Over three decades of war, civil unrest and recurring natural disasters have left Afghanistan one of the poorest countries in the world despite growth in recent years.

  • An estimated 9.3 million people in Afghanistan are food-insecure, including 3.4 million people classified as severely food insecure, according to the Government of Afghanistan (GoA). The USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) notes that internally displaced persons (IDPs) and returnees from Pakistan who do not receive humanitarian assistance will likely experience Crisis—IPC 3—levels of food insecurity.

  • Escalated conflict and an influx of Afghans returning from Pakistan have resulted in more than 1 million people being newly displaced or in transit throughout Afghanistan since January 2016. As of October 31, conflict had internally displaced approximately 485,500 people across the country in 2016, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).

Food Assistance Programs

  • In Fiscal Year 2017 (FY 2017), USAID/FFP has provided to $20 million to UN World Food Program’s (WFP) emergency operations in response to the influx of Afghans returning from Pakistan. This will provide emergency food assistance to 131,372 of the most vulnerable among the undocumented returnees for a period of six months through in-kind general ration food assistance  and then further 3 months of food assistance through cash transfers. At the same time, this contribution will provide in-kind general food rations to cover 3 months food needs for 28,209 Pakistani refugees as well as two months food needs for 30,224 newly internally displaced populations. 

  • In FY 2016, USAID/FFP provided 15,870 MT of Title II commodities— including lentils, vegetable oil, and wheat—valued at nearly $27 million to WFP’s Protracted Relief and Recovery Operations. In addition to these Title II commodities USAID/FFP provided $17 million in International Disaster Assistance funds for the local and regional purchase of wheat and High Energy Biscuits

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2017 $20.0 million --------    MT
Fiscal Year 2016 $44.0  million 18,792  MT
Fiscal Year 2015 $53.6  million 40,580  MT
Fiscal Year 2014 $66.0 million 42,270  MT
Fiscal Year 2013 $46.2  million 30,250  MT

Fiscal Year 2017 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development ---- ----
Title II Emergency ---- ----
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) $20.0 million ----

Note: FFP: Food for Peace; WFP: World Food Program; MT: Metric Tons; EFSP: Emergency Food Security Program. Food Security Situation information provided by FEWS NET, UNHCR, and WFP as of December 2016 . FY 2017 contribution based on funds awarded as of December 2016.

Last updated: December 21, 2016

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