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April 4, 2014
Food Security Situation
Approximately 14.7 million Yeminis are in need of humanitarian assistance. Yemen’s malnutrition levels are among the highest in the world; nearly one in three children is malnourished in certain parts of the country and 47 percent of children under the age of five are stunted, a rate second only to that of Afghanistan. Political instability, internal conflict, diminishing resources, a breakdown of social services, rising poverty, high food prices and poor child feeding practices contribute to the widespread vulnerability of households and communities.
The U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reports that the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) within Yemen remains high at 306,964. Some 243,220 refugees remain in Yemen, most coming from neighboring Ethiopia and Somalia. Additionally, approximately 400,000 Yemenis have been expelled from Saudi Arabia due to changes in labor laws, with another 400,000 projected to return home in the months ahead.
Yemen depends heavily on imports to meet its cereal needs. On average, imports make up nearly 95 percent of Yemen’s wheat, rice and maize supply. Despite above average cereal production in 2013, overall production levels will fall drastically short of meeting countrywide needs, further continuing Yemen’s dependence on cereal imports.
Food Asssistance Programs
The USAID/Office of Food for Peace (FFP) is the largest contributor of food assistance to Yemen, and since the start of FY 2013, USAID/FFP has contributed 78,200 MT of in-kind food assistance. USAID/FFP partners with the U.N. World Food Program (WFP) and the Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA) to provide general food assistance to address emergency food needs for approximately 1.2 million people.
In September of 2013, FFP partnered with Mercy Corps, Global Communities and Save the Children to build the resilience of more than 378,000 food-insecure individuals in Al Dhale'e, Dhamar, Ibb, Lahj, Raymah, Sana’a and Taizz Governorates through food-voucher for assets programs complementing USAID development investments in health, nutrition and agricultural livelihoods. These awards bolster USAID/Yemen’s efforts to build resilience and strengthen livelihoods of Yemenis in these seven Governorates.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$14.8 million||21,880 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$75.0 million||56,320 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$70.3 million||55,290 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2011||$25.0 million||18,990 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2010||$12.7 million||13,880 MT|
Fiscal Year 2014 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||----||----|
|Title II Emergency||$14.8 milliion||21,880 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||----||----|
Note: MT: Metric Ton; EFSP: Emergency Food Security Program. Food security situation provided by WFP, OCHA, UNHCR and the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization as of February 2014; Refugee information provided by UNHCR as of February 2014. FY14 contribution based on funds obligated as of April 2014.
Last updated: April 07, 2014