Natural and Technological Risks

 Indonesia's Mt. Merapi
Early warning systems and other disaster risk reduction activities supported by USAID/OFDA saved the lives of more than 10,000 people when Indonesia's Mt. Merapi erupted in October 2010.

Hydrometeorological Hazards

Climate, weather, and water-induced disasters, such as floods, droughts, cyclones, and tsunamis, account for the largest number of natural disasters worldwide and affect more people than any other type of natural hazard. Extreme weather and climate events often have severe socioeconomic consequences, including loss of life, property, and livelihoods; scarcity of food, water, and energy; and adverse impacts on health and the environment. USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance supports hydrometeorological Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) activities aim to reduce populations’ vulnerability to climate and weather hazards through an integrated and multi-sectoral approach that addresses community needs while emphasizing locally sustainable and environmentally sensitive measures. USAID/OFDA works closely with vulnerable communities, as well as national and local governments, international and regional organizations, universities, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to increase resilience to climate- and weather-induced disasters.

Geological Hazards

Geological hazards—including volcanoes, earthquakes, and landslides—threaten millions of people worldwide and can devastate communities in a matter of seconds by destroying homes, causing water and food shortages, adversely affecting health, and disrupting livelihoods. Although geological hazards cannot be prevented, proper mitigation and preparedness efforts can minimize the effects of these disasters and promote resilience, potentially saving lives and reducing the negative economic effects of a geological crisis. USAID/OFDA supports geological hazard DRR programs, which emphasize an “end-to-end” approach that ranges from identifying hazards to informing communities and households how to reduce the impact of geological disasters. USAID/OFDA geological hazard DRR activities include monitoring events, supporting early warning systems, and educating at-risk populations and community leaders on proper response processes.

Natural and Technological Risks Archive

Last updated: October 31, 2013

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