USAID/OFDA Disaster Risk Reduction Strategy

Natural disasters cause more than $100 billion dollars in economic damage every year.
Natural disasters cause more than $100 billion dollars in economic damage every year. USAID is taking a strategic approach to disaster risk reduction to help save lives and reduce the economic losses caused by disasters.
Jeremy Lock/U.S. Air Force

 

For more than 30 years USAID has been a leader in disaster risk reduction (DRR), pioneering approaches that have built regional and national disaster response capacities to confront a whole range of hazards. In Latin America and the Caribbean alone, USAID—through its Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance—has trained more than 70,000 people in emergency management and disaster response.

USAID, like most of its counterparts in the humanitarian and development community, has been working under the 2005 Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) to design its disaster risk reduction programs. The five ‘Priorities for Action’ were designed to promote progress and gain political support for disaster risk reduction on the international, national and local levels.

USAID has further developed a strategic approach to DRR, based on the HFA, to better guide its disaster risk reduction programming in the years ahead. This document outlines the three broad areas USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance works to reduce disaster risk:

DRR programs have had remarkable results in reducing human losses. Bangladesh is one example of a country that has made great strides in reducing disaster risk. In 1970, Cyclone Bhola slammed into several provinces, killing at least 300,000 people. In 1991, another devastating cyclone took the lives of an estimated 139,000 people. After DRR activities were undertaken, cyclone-related death tolls saw a significant reduction. Case in point: Cyclone Sidr caused about 4,000 deaths in 2007, and Cyclone Aila caused 190 in 2009.

 

USAID/OFDA Regional Disaster Risk Reduction Plans
Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) DRR Plan 2012-2014 (978kb PDF)
Southern Africa DRR Plan 2012-2014 (539kb PDF)

Last updated: January 14, 2014

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