USAID/OFDA Annual Reports

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Fiscal Year 2012: Year in Review

In Fiscal Year (FY) 2012, USAID/OFDA responded to 63 humanitarian emergencies in 54 countries, assisting tens of millions of disaster-affected individuals around the world. Approximately 60 percent of USAID/OFDA’s FY 2012 funding supported populations in Africa affected by disasters. In Sudan and South Sudan, USAID/OFDA worked to sustain peace following South Sudan’s independence in 2011 and assist vulnerable populations during the country’s transition to statehood.

In FY 2012, USAID/OFDA continued to support populations affected by persistent poor crop and livestock conditions resulting from the 2011/2012 Horn of Africa drought—the worst drought the region had faced in decades. In addition, USAID/OFDA responded to the crisis in the Sahel, where conflict and food insecurity affected an estimated 18.7 million people.

In Asia, USAID/OFDA supported populations affected by complex emergencies in Afghanistan, Burma, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. In addition, USAID/OFDA responded to humanitarian needs arising from natural disasters, including floods and a tropical storm. USAID/OFDA also implemented disaster risk reduction (DRR) programs in Asia to strengthen local disaster response capacity and promote techniques to mitigate the effects of disasters, such as improved construction methods to help residences and businesses withstand earthquakes and high winds.

In Europe, the Middle East, and Central Asia, USAID/OFDA responded to humanitarian needs arising from conflict and a range of natural disasters, including an earthquake, wildfire, floods, and winter emergencies in the region. When conflict erupted in Syria, USAID/OFDA immediately responded to humanitarian needs, working through local partners to provide life-saving relief and medical supplies to affected populations. USAID/OFDA also assisted vulnerable and food insecure populations affected by ongoing conflict and worsening economic conditions in Yemen. USAID/OFDA completed humanitarian programs in Iraq in FY 2012, providing additional technical assistance and closing out the OFDA program office in Baghdad.

In Latin America and the Caribbean, USAID/OFDA responded to humanitarian needs resulting from a wildfire and tropical storms. In addition, USAID/OFDA prioritized DRR programs in the region, investing in local capacity to prepare for and mitigate the potential negative impacts of future disasters.

In FY 2012, USAID/OFDA provided a total of nearly $717 million in humanitarian assistance to support interventions in various sectors across the globe. The majority of USAID/OFDA humanitarian interventions helped to build communities’ resilience, while simultaneously saving lives and alleviating human suffering. This total includes an estimated $106 million for DRR activities to help communities prepare for and mitigate the effects of disasters, as well as more than $136 million for disaster response programs with DRR components.

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Last updated: March 26, 2014

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