USAID/OFDA Annual Reports

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Fiscal Year 2013: Year in Review

In Fiscal Year (FY) 2013, USAID/OFDA responded to 52 humanitarian emergencies in 40 countries, assisting tens of millions of disaster-affected individuals around the world.

More than 40 percent of USAID/OFDA’s FY 2013 funding supported humanitarian programs in Africa. In Sudan and South Sudan, USAID/OFDA responded to displacement, food insecurity, and lack of basic services, such as health care and safe drinking water, largely a result of protracted conflict. When Darfur experienced intensified fighting during the year, USAID/OFDA supported rapid, life-saving interventions for severely affected populations. USAID/OFDA also met conflict-related emergency needs in the Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mali, and Somalia, while assisting drought-affected populations in the Horn of Africa and the Sahel recover livelihoods and build resilience to future shocks. In Southern Africa, USAID/OFDA expanded emergency programs in response to increased food insecurity caused by flooding, a locust outbreak, and drought that affected more than 10 million people in the region.

USAID/OFDA provided nearly $252.3 million—the most funding for a single disaster in FY 2013— to support individuals affected by the crisis in Syria, which extended into its third year and left 6.8 million people in need of humanitarian aid. USAID/OFDA continued its response through local partners, international relief organizations, and U.N. agencies, prioritizing the delivery of relief commodities and support for emergency medical care. To better coordinate assistance with other international humanitarian agencies, USAID activated a Disaster Assistance Response Team (DART) in the region and a Response Management Team (RMT) in Washington, D.C. Elsewhere in the Europe, Middle East, and Central Asia region, USAID/OFDA assisted vulnerable and food-insecure populations in Yemen affected by ongoing conflict and poor economic conditions, and helped Yemenis returning to secure areas of the country restore their livelihoods.

In Asia, USAID/OFDA supported populations affected by complex emergencies in Afghanistan, Burma, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. In addition, USAID/OFDA responded to humanitarian needs arising from natural disasters, including drought, floods, tropical storms, and a dengue fever outbreak. In the Republic of the Marshall Islands, a former U.S.-governed trust territory, USAID/OFDA worked closely with the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to provide relief supplies and safe drinking water to communities affected by severe drought conditions. USAID/OFDA also implemented numerous disaster risk reduction (DRR) programs in Asia to strengthen local disaster response capacity and promote techniques to mitigate the effects of disasters.

In Latin America and the Caribbean, USAID/OFDA responded to emergency needs resulting from floods, tropical storms, and an earthquake. USAID/OFDA also prioritized DRR programs in the region, investing in local capacity to prepare for and mitigate the potential negative impacts of future disasters, including through the improvement of community-based early warning systems.

USAID/OFDA provided $883 million in FY 2013, including nearly $593 million for disaster response activities. The majority of these interventions saved lives while promoting early recovery and building resilience to future stresses. In FY 2013, USAID/OFDA also contributed more than $83 million in DRR funding to help communities across the world prepare for and mitigate the effects of disasters, as well as approximately $130 million for disaster response programs that incorporated DRR activities.

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Last updated: August 06, 2014

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