Water is essential to health and food production. Currently, nearly 800 million people lack dependable access to clean water and about 2.5 billion lack access to modern sanitation, putting them at risk of disease. Food production is the largest consumer of water, and also represents the largest unknown factor of future water use as the world population continues to increase. Global population growth projections of two to three billion people over the next 40 years, combined with changing diets, are expected to increase food demand 70 percent by 2050.
Our Water and Development Strategy steers USAID’s water programs toward key themes consistent with two of the most important ways we rely on water: water for health and water for food. It is our hope that improvements in WASH programs, and sound management and use of water for food security will save lives and advance development.
That’s why we are committed to integrating a focus on water across our agriculture, health and climate work by:
- Expanding access to water supply and sanitation to promote better hygiene and fight preventable disease, especially to vulnerable communities;
- Increasing water productivity in agriculture and industry to boost output while conserving a precious resource;
- Improving water resource management and reforming governance and regulations to equitably share access and defuse competition; and
- Strengthening resilience and response to disasters in order to help countries adapt to a changing climate.
We have a long history of delivering results:
We've brought safe water and sanitation to more than 50 million people, while assisting governments and private firms to plan, manage and distribute water more equitably and affordably.
USAID’s partnership with the Government of Kenya and 45 Kenyan public and private sector organizations helped 112,676 smallholder farmers adopt good agricultural practices that increase their yields and incomes and improve nutrition in FY 2013. So far, 2,200 growers in eastern Kenya have been trained in water-harvesting techniques and have established 60 water ponds that serve 4,750 farmers in the region
In Indonesia, USAID works with government agencies, water utilities, water associations, and non-governmental organizations in 54 municipalities across the country to help increase the demand for services, while also building the capacity of public and private institutions to meet this demand. As of FY 2013, we have reached 1,163,855 people with water services and 77,655 people with sanitation services.
In FY 2013, 280,385 Zambians (134,841 male and 145,544 female) gained access to clean drinking water, and 168,823 students and teachers (86,053 male and 82,770 female) gained access to improved sanitation facilities, such as latrines, toilets, and washrooms. Sanitation facilities ensured convenient access for girls; some were equipped so girls could bathe and maintain menstrual hygiene.
In FY13 alone, USAID’s programs resulted in more than 3.5 million people with improved access to drinking water supply and nearly 1.3 million people with improved access to sanitation facilities.
To learn more, read:
- Safeguarding the World’s Water (FY 2013)
- Senator Paul Simon Water for the Poor Act Annual Report to Congress (FY 2013)
- Water and Development Strategy Highlights
- Water for the World Act of 2014
Last updated: March 06, 2015