Emergency Food Products Commodity Fact Sheet

WBSCM Material Description and Number

EMERGNCY FD, A20 PASTE POUCH-18-9/50 G    110174
EMERGNCY FD, A28 RICE BAR-24-9/55 G    110181
EMERGNCY FD, A29 WHEAT BAR-24-9/55 G    110184

General Information

Emergency food products (EFPs) are dairy-based, ready-to-eat meal replacement pastes and bars used to promote survival during Phase 1 of an emergency situation. They are designed to be a sole source of high quality food aside from breast milk or water during this period. EFPs are available as a paste (A-20), a bar containing a rice-based cereal mix (A-28) or a bar containing a wheat-based cereal mix (A-29) to meet logistical needs and cultural preferences. A-20 is packaged in white, heat sealed, vacuum-packed or nitrogen-flushed tri-laminate pouches or sachets with nine pouches per case. A-28 and A-29 bars are wrapped in a polyolefin shrink wrap and packaged in bricks of nine bars inside a white, tri-laminate pouch. EFPs have a two-year shelf life at 80 degrees Fahrenheit or a 6-month shelf life at 100 degrees Fahrenheit. They are designed to be used in any climate. Because of their long shelf life in most climates, EFPs may be pre-positioned for efficient distribution at the onset of an emergency. For full product specifications refer to the USDA Commodity Requirements Document and/or Commercial Item Description for emergency food products. 

Programming Guidance

  • Emergencies: EFPs are designed for distribution during the onset or first phase of an emergency situation. They are expected to be used up to a maximum of 15 days. Aside from water and breast milk, they can serve as the sole source of food during this period. They can also be used in any cultural setting, with rice-based and wheat-based options available where appropriate.

Nutrition/Preparation

EFPs contain a complete daily ration of calories, fat, protein, and carbohydrates and are fortified with a premix of 24 vitamins and minerals. Nine pouches, sachets, or bars deliver a full daily complement of nutrient requirements for adults. The paste (A-20) is dairy-based, with nonfat dry milk and whey protein concentrate as the main protein sources. The bars (A-28 and A-29) contain a pre-cooked cereal mix containing either rice or wheat and dairy-based sources of fat and protein. For more nutrition information, refer to the table below. EFPs require no preparation and may be consumed directly from the pouches or sachets. The bars may also be crumbled into potable water, breast milk or another potable liquid and served as porridge. In addition, EFPs have a Protein Digestibility Corrected Amino Acid Score (PDCAAS) of 1.0. EFPs should be provided with potable water.

Nutritional Content

The nutrient table below includes nutrient information taken from the USDA’s Commercial Item Description for Emergency Food Products, Ready-to-Eat (Meal Replacement) (http://www.ams.usda.gov/AMSv1.0/getfile?dDocName=stelprdc5071020).

 

Nutrient*

A-20 Adult Daily Ration

A-28/A-29 Adult Daily Ration

A-20 Portion Size

A-28/A-29 Portion Size

No. of Tubes/bars

9

9

1

1

Energy (kcal) average

~2200

~2200

~250

~250

Weight (g)

450

500

50

55.5

Protein (N x 6.25)

9-11.00% as % gram weight

Fat

30.0% as % gram weight

Carbohydrate

51.00% as % gram weight

Vitamins (added):

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vitamin A (µg)

1143

1053

127

117

Vitamin D3 (µg)

10

10

1.11

1.11

Vitamin K (µg)

100

100

11.1

11.1

Vitamin E (IU)

30

30

3.3

3.3

Vitamin C (mg)

216

282

24

31.3

Vitamin B1 (mg)

1.8

1.7

0.2

0.19

Vitamin B2 (mg)

1.8

1.8

0.2

0.2

Vitamin B6 (mg)

2

2

0.22

0.22

Vitamin B12 (µg)

25

25

2.8

2.8

Niacin (mg)

12

12

1.3

1.3

Folic Acid  (µg)

400

400

44.4

44.4

Pantothenate (mg)

7

7

0.8

0.8

Biotin  (µg)

50

50

5.56

5.56

Minerals (added):

 

 

 

 

 

 

Calcium (mg)

600

600

66.6

66.6

Phosphorous (mg)

1000

1000

111.1

111.1

Sodium (mg)

400

400

44

44

Potassium (mg)

1849

1849

205.4

205

Chloride (mg)

2900

2900

322

322

Magnesium (mg)

200

200

22.2

22.2

Manganese (mg)

0.5

0.5

0.06

0.06

Iron (mg)

18

17

2

1.9

Zinc (mg)

22

18.5

2.4

2.1

Copper  (µg)

0.9

0.9

0.1

0.1

Iodine  (µg)

100

100

11.1

11.1

Chromium  (µg)

25

25

2.8

2.8

Selenium  (µg)

40

40

4.4

4.4

*These are averages for macro and micronutrients.  Actual content may vary based on variations in the batches of the product.

USDA Commodity Requirements Document

http://www.fsa.usda.gov/Internet/FSA_File/efp2.pdf

Shelf Life/Best if Used By Date (BUBD)

  • Shelf life - 24 months after packaging
  • BUBD - not available

Sources

United States Agency for International Development. 2010. Final Report on Development of an Emergency Food Product. Retrieved on October 17, 2012 from: http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNADS423.pdf

United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Marketing Service. 2009. Commercial Item Description: Emergency Food Products, Ready-to-Eat (Meal Replacement). Retrieved August 20, 2012 from: http://www.ams.usda.gov/AMSv1.0/getfile?dDocName=stelprdc5071020

United States Department of Agriculture, Farm Services Agency. 2009. USDA Commodity Requirements. EFP2 Emergency Food Product for Use in Export Programs. Retrieved August 6, 2012 from: http://www.fsa.usda.gov/Internet/FSA_File/efp2.pdf

Webb, P., B. Rogers, I. Rosenberg, N. Schlossman, C. Wanke, J. Bagriansky, K. Sadler, Q. Johnson, J. Tilahun, A. Reese Masterson, A. Narayan.  2011.  Delivering Improved Nutrition: Recommendations for Changes to U.S. Food Aid Products and Programming.  Retrieved September 16, 2012 from: http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNADZ842.pdf

 

Last updated: June 21, 2013

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