Fiscal Year 2012 Emergency Food Security Program Fact Sheet

USAID’s Office of Food for Peace responds to global food insecurity by providing emergency food assistance to help people affected by conflict and natural disasters. To complement USAID’s in-kind food aid, in 2010 USAID started the Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP). EFSP is a cash-based program used primarily when U.S.-purchased, in-kind food aid cannot arrive fast enough to respond to an emergency or when other interventions may be more appropriate than U.S. in-kind food aid due to local market conditions.1 In FY 2012, EFSP benefitted over 10.7 million* food insecure people worldwide though a variety of emergency food assistance interventions, including:

  • Local and Regional Procurement (LRP) - Food commodities purchased within the country where the food is to be distributed or from a nearby country
  • Cash Transfers - Cash provided to beneficiaries to be used to purchase essential food and non-food items for their food security
  • Food Vouchers - A voucher for specific essential food items or a set cash amount which beneficiaries use at  participating local market vendors          

  Fiscal Year 2011 Fiscal Year 2012
Value $232.0 million $374.5 million
Metric Tons 191,616 MT 177,346 MT
Programs 30 45
Countries 21 19

Cost per metric ton of local and regional purchase = $929/metric ton

Total EFSP= $374.5;   44% (amount used for LRP) = $164.8 million. 

Cost per metric ton of LRP = 164.8 million/177346mt = $929/metric ton

FY 2012 Emergency Food Security Program Pie Chart
FY 2012 Emergency Food Security Program Pie Chart


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1. Experience using local and regional procurement under this program indicates that there can be up to 30% savings compared to equivalent Title II food aid. In FY 2012, EFSP resources were programmed in countries with complex operating environments, such as Syria, where Title II food aid could not be used and may skew the overall cost of local and regional procurement and programming.

*Note: FY 2012 beneficiaries includes FY 2011 programs that were modified in FY 2012.

Last updated: April 25, 2013

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