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Vietnam, a nation of 92 million people, aspires to more comprehensive international integration and industrialized nation status by 2020. Its efforts to open the economy to global trade and investment with USAID support have contributed to high and sustainable rates of growth over the past two decades, boosting Vietnam into the ranks of lower middle-income countries and reducing the poverty level in Vietnam from nearly 60 percent in the early 1990s to 20 percent in 2010.
Despite its rapid transformation, Vietnam confronts macroeconomic instability, income disparity, environmental and climate change threats, limited access to quality health and social services, outbreaks of avian influenza, inadequate higher and vocational education, and hesitancy to develop legal, regulatory and capital market systems that meet global standards. USAID is working to help Vietnam overcome these key development challenges undermining growth and inclusiveness.
- USAID has helped expand access to lifesaving antiretroviral HIV treatment to more than 43,000 of the 75,000 individuals who receive it in Vietnam.
- USAID has helped increase the income of 5,000 new cocoa farmers in the Central Highlands, boosting long-term income potential for some of the country’s poorest people.
- USAID has supported corrective surgeries and rehabilitation services for 11,000 people with disabilities, while helping national groups work toward greater inclusion of disabled persons in the workplace and society.
Under the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), USAID manages large-scale activities to prevent HIV/AIDS and treat and care for people living with the disease. In addition, in close collaboration with the Government of Vietnam and civil society organizations, USAID provides funding and technical support to prevent, detect and respond to neglected tropical diseases. USAID's support combating highly pathogenic avian influenza and other pandemic threats helped reduce the number of bird flu outbreaks in Vietnam from almost 2,000 in 2005 to fewer than 100 in 2013.
ECONOMIC GOVERNANCE FOR INCLUSIVE GROWTH AND TRADE
USAID supports efforts to strengthen the rule of law and improve economic governance. Our work seeks to further Vietnam’s integration into the global economy as it continues its transition to a market-driven system. USAID has trained more than 13,000 governmental officials in trade issues since 2010. Working with the Government of Vietnam, USAID promotes transparency in law making, accountability, access to information and increased competiveness. To help boost the economy by increasing the number of job-ready graduates, USAID promotes a higher engineering education and vocational training alliance with academic and industry partners and a program to improve social work. Another vital area is supporting Vietnam’s green growth strategy through public and private investments in clean energy.
USAID helps disabled people fully integrate into society by improving access to health, education and employment. We support local governments in ensuring equal opportunities for persons with disabilities and influence public policies that affect their lives. Our programs also assist underrepresented populations such as ethnic minority groups and lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender communities, as well as families affected by floods, typhoons and other natural disasters. USAID programs have reached 335,000 people with disaster preparedness services and training on early warning systems and evacuation routes in 107 communes and in over 340 businesses.
ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE
The airport at Danang has high dioxin concentrations remaining decades after war. At the Government of Vietnam’s request, USAID is conducting a large-scale project to clean up dioxin-contaminated soil and sediment at Danang Airport and will conduct an assessment at another site, Bien Hoa. Vietnam is one of the most susceptible countries in the world to climate change due to its densely populated, long and low-lying coast. USAID supports government and civil society institutions to develop and implement climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies.
Last updated: March 11, 2014