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An estimated 254,000 people in Vietnam are infected with HIV, and more than half of those needing anti-retroviral treatment are currently receiving it. HIV prevalence among injecting drug users is just over 20 percent and, in some provinces, up to 60 percent, and continues to drive the spread of the virus to other populations. USAID has tailored its assistance in Vietnam to targeted populations of injecting drug users, sex workers, partners of sex workers, and men who have sex with men.
USAID began supporting HIV/AIDS programs in Vietnam in the mid-1990s. In June 2004, HIV/AIDS funding to Vietnam was increased substantially under the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). We work in close collaboration with the Government of Vietnam at the national, provincial, and district levels in support of goals identified in the national HIV/AIDS strategy. Together with civil society, faith-based, non-governmental and mass organizations, such as the Women’s Union, we help to deliver prevention, care and treatment services, and advocate for policies that will improve access to and the quality of HIV/AIDS services and strengthen the overall health system. We support comprehensive HIV interventions to prevent HIV transmission among most at-risk populations, including injecting drug users and their partners, commercial sex workers, potential male clients of sex workers, and men who have sex with men. Clinical and home-based care and treatment initiatives help to extend lives.
After the success of six PEPFAR-supported pilot methadone clinics to treat individuals addicted to heroin in three provinces, the Government of Vietnam is rolling out methadone in a sustainable way to 10 additional provinces. Vietnam was the first country to employ PEPFAR funds to support medication-assisted treatment.
Last updated: March 11, 2014