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Over the past several decades, the Government of Vietnam has made remarkable strides in improving the health of the country’s citizens. However, public health concerns have the potential to threaten sustained economic progress. The emergence of drug-resistant tuberculosis, ongoing outbreaks of highly pathogenic influenza in animals and humans, the continued threat of the HIV epidemic moving from a concentrated to a generalized epidemic in most-affected provinces, fragile health systems, and human resource constraints could limit Vietnam’s continued growth. Additionally, limited health services for vulnerable groups, including ethnic minorities, have led to significant gaps in service delivery, resulting in lower health indicators and reduced economic opportunities.
Under the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), USAID manages large-scale activities to help prevent HIV/AIDS, as well as to treat and care for people living with the disease. In addition, in close collaboration with the Government of Vietnam and civil society organizations, USAID provides funding and technical support to prevent, detect, and respond to avian and pandemic influenza and other emerging pandemic threats and combat neglected tropical diseases.
- USAID-supported pilot methadone program has nearly tripled the number of drug addiction treatment sites turning people away from heroin, from 6 to 17, in one year, providing methadone maintenance treatment to over 4,000 injecting drug users and providing methadone medication to more than 10,000 patients in all methadone sites in Vietnam supported by USAID and other donors.
- USAID's support in combating highly pathogenic avian influenza has helped reduce the number of bird flu outbreaks in Vietnam from almost 2,000 in 2005 to under 50 in 2011.
- USAID supports deworming mass drug administration for nearly 2 million disadvantaged school children and women at child bearing age in 13 provinces.
Last updated: January 28, 2015