The Crimson Finance Fund (CFF) increases access to a range of short-term working capital products for Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in all sectors of the economy including farmers, women-owned businesses and minorities. The goal of the program is to expand assistance to the financial sector in order to address a gap in short-term working capital financing.
Since 2001, the National Albanian American Council with support from USAID has implemented the Hope Fellowship Program in Kosovo. The program was designed to increase the leadership skills of women in decision-making positions in government institutions and civil society. This was especially important in Kosovo’s post-conflict context, as women were underrepresented in both the public and private sectors.
USAID’s Young Entrepreneurs Program provides tangible micro and small business development support to Kosovo’s new and emerging entrepreneurs, ages 18-35. The Young Entrepreneurs Program recognizes that young entrepreneurs need more than mere training—they need capital and real-time support during the critical early business start-up period. To achieve this, the program provides business start-up matching grants and financing options with practical business training and sustained, hands-on coaching services for fledgling enterprises.
USAID administers two programs to improve the infrastructure and institutions in Kosovo responsible for the water sector. The Small Infrastructure for Water and Sanitation Program (SIWSK) helps five municipalities improve the quality of, and access to, potable water for 109,000 residents. Only 45 percent of residents in the municipalities of Pejë/Pec, Klinë/Klina, Malishevë/Malisevo, Gllogovc/Glogovac, and Lipjan have access to potable water, compared to the national average of 61 percent. The program assists with the construction of water supply systems.
The Political Processes and Parties Support Program provides support to all political parties to establish internal organization, contest elections, respond to constituents, and develop policies. Importantly, Kosovo’s minority groups, including the Serbian community, have political party representation at the local level. Yet challenges remain. Parties struggle to articulate a vision and ideological tenets. Systemic challenges include election reform and strengthened party regulation to stabilize political life in Kosovo.
USAID’s Democratic Effective Municipalities Initiative (DEMI) assists municipal governments and officials to refine their skills, increases transparency, and improves cooperation with citizens.
The program’s goals are accomplished through empowering municipal administration and assemblies, increasing citizens’ engagement on issues that directly affect them, improving municipal service
delivery, providing coaching and on-the-job training in public management, and awarding grants to communities for public infrastructure improvements.
Since 2002, USAID, in partnership with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), has continuously supported the Kosovo Early Warning System (EWS) as an essential analytical tool for international reconstruction and stabilization efforts in Kosovo.
USAID has had a leading role in developing the Rule of Law in Kosovo. The Effective Rule of Law (EROL) Program will build on the success of prior USAID work as well as open new opportunities for assistance. USAID was critical in formulating laws establishing the court system, the law guiding the Kosovo Judicial Council (KJC), the law guiding prosecution, and the law guiding the Kosovo Prosecutorial Council (KPC); however their implementation should be monitored.
The Community Action Initiative Program (CAIP) supports 30 minority communities north of the Ibar River and 10 in the south to improve quality of life and develop the confidence that residents have a viable future in Kosovo. The program’s three target areas include:
The United States has successfully worked with the Thai Ministry of Public Health for decades to control malaria in Thailand and the Greater Mekong region. With U.S. financial and technical inputs, Thailand has dramatically reduced malaria cases. U.S. assistance greatly expanded the Thai Malaria Division by training technical staff, organizing and managing field operations, conducting insecticide spraying programs and establishing a nationwide network of malaria clinics. Recent assistance has focused on the introduction of advanced diagnosis and treatment regimens, and promotion of mosquito bed nets – these proven interventions have dramatically reduced infection rates and the lethality of the disease in most areas of Thailand.
Last updated: September 17, 2014