Health indicators are improving in Timor-Leste but are still among the worst in the Asia-Pacific region, especially for women and children. High maternal and child mortality rates persist. Low immunization coverage, neonatal complications and prevalence of pneumonia, diarrhea and malaria are compounded by high rates of malnutrition and contribute to high under-5 mortality rates. However, progress is being made: Timor-Leste achieved the biggest under-5 mortality rate reduction in the world between 1990 and 2010, according to the 2011 Child Mortality Report.
USAID works with Timor-Leste to build on this progress. With significant funding from our partner, AusAID, USAID’s health improvement program strengthens health services, particularly in rural areas, by training and supervising Timorese health workers in maternal, neonatal and child health, and reproductive health. Since 2006, USAID has trained more than 10,000 health workers. In addition, USAID activities funded through the Millennium Challenge Corporation are boosting child immunization rates. Immunization rates for children in focus districts now average just over 80 percent, up from 50 percent in 2009.
Last updated: February 20, 2014