Infant and child mortality was reduced significantly from 81 and 51 deaths per 1,000 live births, respectively, but progress has been slower on maternal and neonatal mortality, which stands at 454 deaths per 100,000 live births and 26 deaths per 1,000 live births.
USAID’s maternal and child health programs support prenatal care, safe delivery and management of child illness. The safe delivery program builds local capacity to address high maternal mortality and neonatal care. The prenatal care program has transitioned from training of health providers to setting up external supervision and internal quality improvement systems that address the quality of service provision. The program also integrates prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV with maternal health programming, with support from PEPFAR. USAID also supports national childhood immunization efforts that include the introduction of vaccines to prevent pneumonia and diarrhea.
Last updated: February 11, 2014