Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Syria

April 10, 2014

Basic Map of Syria
OCHA Map of Syria

Food Security Situation

  • After nearly three years of continuing conflict between government and opposition forces, the United Nations (U.N.) estimates that approximately 9.3 million people in Syria are in need of humanitarian assistance, approximately 6.5 million people are internally displaced, and more than 2.6 million people have fled to neighboring countries of Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, Iraq and Egypt.

  • The U.N. World Food Program (WFP) estimates that more than 6.3 million people within Syria require emergency food assistance. Reductions in agricultural production, widespread displacement, disruption of markets and transportation, elimination of bread subsidies, damage to infrastructure including mills and bakeries, and loss of livelihoods are contributing to unprecedented food insecurity in Syria.

  • The U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and WFP report that food insecurity continues to be a major concern. Cereal harvests in 2013 were well below-average due to high production costs, reduced input availability, prevailing violence, and abandoned land. Power cuts, damage to power stations, canals, and pumps; and high diesel costs also contribute to a decline of the area under irrigated cereal production. FAO has raised concerns for 2014 harvest and warned that drought conditions are being detected in in the main cropping areas of the country.

Food Assistance Programs

  • USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (FFP), provides emergency food assistance for the Syria crisis through two WFP emergency operations: One reaching 3.7 million conflict-affected persons inside Syria, and a second reaching more than 1.6 million Syrian refugees in Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, Iraq and Egypt.  USAID/FFP also partners with NGOs to provide an additional 500,000 persons inside Syria with emergency family rations and/or flour.  

  • In response to the complex crisis, USAID/FFP uses a variety of mechanisms to deliver food assistance, including family rations (all 14 governorates), supplementary nutritional food for children, flour-to-bakeries programs, bread vouchers, food vouchers (for refugees in neighboring countries), and meal replacement bars (for new refugees).

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars
Fiscal Year 2014 $105.3 million
Fiscal Year 2013 $395.7 million
Fiscal Year 2012 $47.0 million


Fiscal Year 2014 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Program Description
Title II $20.0 million Wheat Flour, Supplementary Foods, Emergency Meal Bars
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) $85.3 million Family Rations, Food vouchers, Wheat Flour

Note: FY: Fiscal Year; MT: Metric Tons; EFSP: Emergency Food Security Program; OCHA: U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. FY14 contribution based on funds obligated as of April 2014. 

Last updated: April 10, 2014

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