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November 7, 2013
Food Security Situation
After two years of continuing conflict between government and opposition forces, the United Nations (U.N.) recently estimated that approximately 9.3 million people in Syria are in need of humanitarian assistance, approximately five million people are internally displaced, and more than 2.2 million people have fled to neighboring countries of Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, Iraq and Egypt.
The U.N. World Food Program (WFP) estimates that more than 4 million people within Syria require emergency food assistance. Reductions in agricultural production, widespread displacement, disruption of markets and transportation, elimination of bread subsidies, damage to infrastructure including mills and bakeries, and loss of livelihoods are contributing to unprecedented food insecurity in Syria.
- The U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and WFP report that growing food insecurity continues to be a major concern. Cereal harvests are expected to be lower this year due to high production costs, reduced input availability, prevailing violence, and abandoned land. Power cuts, damage to power stations, canals, and pumps; and high diesel costs also contribute to a decline of the area under irrigated cereal production. Furthermore, pre- and post-harvest grain losses are higher than average this year, due mostly to damage to harvesting equipment and storage structures.
Food Assistance Programs
USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (FFP), provides emergency food assistance for the Syria crisis through two WFP emergency operations: One reaching 2.6 million conflict-affected persons inside Syria, and a second reaching more than 1.3 million Syrian refugees in Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, Iraq and Egypt. USAID also partners with NGOs to provide an additional 400,000 persons inside Syria with emergency family rations and/or flour.
In response to the complexity of this crisis, USAID uses a variety of mechanisms to deliver emergency food, including family rations (all 14 governorates), supplementary nutritional food for children, flour-to-bakeries programs, food vouchers (for refugees in neighboring countries), and meal replacement bars (for new refugee arrivals).
Food for Peace Contributions
|Fiscal Year 2013||$395.7 million|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$47.0 million|
Fiscal Year 2013 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Program Description|
|Title II||$38.2 million||Wheat Flour, Supplementary Foods, Emergency Meal Bars|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||$357.5 million||Family Rations, Food vouchers, Wheat Flour|
Note: FY: Fiscal Year; MT: Metric Tons; EFSP: Emergency Food Security Program; OCHA: U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.
Last updated: November 07, 2013