- What We Do
- Agriculture and Food Security
- Feed the Future
- Food Assistance
- Food Aid Reform
- Agricultural Markets and Trade
- Agricultural Capacity Development
- Global Nutrition
- Sustainable Agriculture
- Democracy, Human Rights and Governance
- Economic Growth and Trade
- Ending Extreme Poverty
- Environment and Global Climate Change
- Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment
- Global Health
- Water and Sanitation
- Working in Crises and Conflict
- U.S. Global Development Lab
April 10, 2014
Food Security Situation
After nearly three years of continuing conflict between government and opposition forces, the United Nations (U.N.) estimates that approximately 9.3 million people in Syria are in need of humanitarian assistance, approximately 6.5 million people are internally displaced, and more than 2.6 million people have fled to neighboring countries of Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, Iraq and Egypt.
The U.N. World Food Program (WFP) estimates that more than 6.3 million people within Syria require emergency food assistance. Reductions in agricultural production, widespread displacement, disruption of markets and transportation, elimination of bread subsidies, damage to infrastructure including mills and bakeries, and loss of livelihoods are contributing to unprecedented food insecurity in Syria.
- The U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and WFP report that food insecurity continues to be a major concern. Cereal harvests in 2013 were well below-average due to high production costs, reduced input availability, prevailing violence, and abandoned land. Power cuts, damage to power stations, canals, and pumps; and high diesel costs also contribute to a decline of the area under irrigated cereal production. FAO has raised concerns for 2014 harvest and warned that drought conditions are being detected in in the main cropping areas of the country.
Food Assistance Programs
USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (FFP), provides emergency food assistance for the Syria crisis through two WFP emergency operations: One reaching 3.7 million conflict-affected persons inside Syria, and a second reaching more than 1.6 million Syrian refugees in Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, Iraq and Egypt. USAID/FFP also partners with NGOs to provide an additional 500,000 persons inside Syria with emergency family rations and/or flour.
In response to the complex crisis, USAID/FFP uses a variety of mechanisms to deliver food assistance, including family rations (all 14 governorates), supplementary nutritional food for children, flour-to-bakeries programs, bread vouchers, food vouchers (for refugees in neighboring countries), and meal replacement bars (for new refugees).
Food for Peace Contributions
|Fiscal Year 2014||$105.3 million|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$395.7 million|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$47.0 million|
Fiscal Year 2014 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Program Description|
|Title II||$20.0 million||Wheat Flour, Supplementary Foods, Emergency Meal Bars|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||$85.3 million||Family Rations, Food vouchers, Wheat Flour|
Note: FY: Fiscal Year; MT: Metric Tons; EFSP: Emergency Food Security Program; OCHA: U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. FY14 contribution based on funds obligated as of April 2014.
Last updated: April 10, 2014