USAID programs promote stability by supporting peace agreements and fostering peaceful coexistence, movement and exchanges along the Sudan/South Sudan border. USAID supports peace initiatives in Darfur and promotes stability through early recovery activities such as providing vocational training and livelihood development. In other areas of Sudan, flexible programming addresses emerging priorities to prevent and respond to conflict. Additionally, USAID supports peace processes to advance reconciliation, mitigate conflicts, support livelihoods and foster local government capacities to provide basic services to communities recovering from conflict.
Conflict Mitigation and Prevention
To prevent and mitigate local conflicts in flashpoint areas, USAID is strengthening conflict mitigation mechanisms and engaging youth and women to maintain and reinforce social cohesion among groups in areas where tensions remain high or are escalating. [Note: Due to ongoing conflict, as of October 2012, programming in Abyei, Kadugli and Kurmuk is suspended.]
In Blue Nile, for example, USAID has helped advance mechanisms designed to build consensus and mitigate potentially catalytic conflict, including the Blue Nile State Peace Council and community-based conflict mitigation committees operating along the Bau-Tadamon migratory route. In 2011-12, with USAID support, the Peace Council held two high-level conferences on migratory routes, formed the Migratory Route Technical Committee, and organized community dialogues to settle disputes between pastoralist and farming communities. Pursuing a key recommendation from USAID-sponsored migration conferences, the Technical Committee, State Ministry of Agriculture, and Tadamon Locality government successfully advocated for a new law to widen select grazing corridors. This legislation, endorsed by the Blue Nile State Assembly in February 2012, is expected to decrease the size of some of the state’s agricultural schemes, benefitting pastoralists and small farmers alike.
USAID projects provide at-risk youth with livelihood and recreational opportunities and encourage public discourse around the need for and value of peaceful coexistence among the country’s diverse groups. For example, USAID strengthened the role of women as conflict mitigation practitioners by supporting women’s networks and women-led “coffee and tea sessions,” through which women communicated messages of peace within rural Blue Nile communities.
Peace Building and Reconciliation
To promote peace and mitigate the root causes of conflict in Darfur, which began in 2003, USAID supports the Darfur Regional Authority, the principal institution to implement the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur, which the Government of Sudan and the Liberation and Justice Movement signed in July 2011. USAID also supports the multi-donor Darfur Community Peace and Stability Fund, managed by the UN Development Program. USAID support helps organizations respond to the basic needs of conflict-affected communities, such as education, access to water, health, agriculture, livestock, and livelihood opportunities.
USAID promotes dialogue and engagement of civil actors and peaceful coexistence among communities, helping to rehabilitate infrastructure in support of conflict mitigation and peace processes, and building the capacity of local government and communities to engage in early recovery in post-conflict areas.
Last updated: October 01, 2013