Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Sudan

October 6, 2014

Food Security Situation

Map of Sudan
CIA World Factbook
  • Sudan is classified as a least developed and low-income food-deficit country. The U.N. Development Program’s 2014 Human Development Index ranks Sudan 166 out of 187 countries. Approximately 1.2 million children are acutely malnourished and 6.6 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance.

  • Food insecurity in Sudan is attributed to conflict-generated displacements, resultant loss of assets, limited access to agricultural land, reduced cultivation during the last and current agricultural seasons, and limited income-generating activities. High staple food prices and the influx of more than 115,500 refugees from South Sudan since the conflict erupted there in December 2013 are additional drivers of food insecurity.

  • A strong national harvest during the main 2014-2015 agricultural season—projected to be about 30 percent higher than the 5 year average—has improved access to food in most parts of Sudan, with approximately 3.5 million people currently food insecure. However, high levels of acute food insecurity are likely to persist in Darfur, South Kordofan, and Blue Nile, especially among displaced populations, due to ongoing insecurity, widespread displacement and reduced access to agricultural lands.

Food Assistance Programs

  • The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) now targets over 2.2 million food-insecure Sudanese in Darfur, Blue Nile, South Kordofan, and Abyei as well as South Sudanese residing in Sudan.

  • FFP partners with international agencies including the U.N. World Food Program (WFP) and the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to provide assistance to internally displaced persons, refugees, returnees’ host communities, and conflict-affected populations, as well as to distribute ready-to-use therapeutic foods to acutely malnourished children. The goals are to save lives, reduce seasonal food insecurity, stabilize nutrition rates, and restore the livelihoods of vulnerable populations. Assistance includes in-kind food from the U.S., local and regional purchase of food, vouchers and cash transfers. 

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2014 $200.2 million 181,994 MT
Fiscal Year 2013 $186.6 million 162,541 MT
Fiscal Year 2012 $175.4 million 150,072 MT
Fiscal Year 2011+ $209.1 million 189,140 MT
Fiscal Year 2010++ $308.2 million 322,130 MT

FIscal Year 2014 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development ---- ----
Title II Emergency $159.7 million 153,436 MT
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) $40.5 million 28,558 MT

Food Security Situation information provided by FEWS NET, WFP, UNHCR, and OFDA as of November 2014
+Fiscal Year 2011 includes contributions made to South Sudan before July 9, 2011.
++Fiscal Year 2010 represents funding and metric tonnage from Sudan and South Sudan

Last updated: December 29, 2014

Share This Page