Democratic governance is necessary for a peaceful and viable Sudan. USAID supported the Sudanese people’s aspirations for a peaceful democratic transition throughout the implementation of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), which ended Sudan’s 22-year civil war. By supporting international and local Sudanese partners, USAID increased the effectiveness and participatory nature of key political processes. Specifically, USAID assisted the implementation of CPA processes, including electoral administration, civic participation, voter education, domestic electoral observation and collaboration with political parties in support of those processes.
To support peaceful democratic development in Sudan following South Sudan’s independence, USAID has continued its partnership with Sudanese civil society organizations and networks, and developed new programs that respond to post-CPA needs, especially in the area of civil society development and initiatives to promote national dialogue on democratic reforms.
By helping to build the leadership skills and effectiveness of civil society organizations focused on good governance and democratic participation, USAID supports a viable and increasingly democratic Sudan. USAID promotes civil society participation and dialogue in political processes in Sudan. A major focus of this effort is citizen participation, access to information and political empowerment of traditionally marginalized groups, including consensus-building processes that consolidate peace and promote democratic development. USAID supports meaningful regional and national dialogue on democratic development, particularly in support of peace agreements.
USAID is also raising awareness among women university students on democratic values, human rights, and good governance, and improving the knowledge and skills of young female academics at state-level universities in the marginalized states of Eastern Sudan, Darfur, South Kordofan, and Blue Nile. This activity supports university tuition contributions for 20 women from conflict-prone and disadvantaged regions of Sudan and helps build bridges between academic institutions and civil society.
Governance and Rule of Law
Independent since 1956, Sudan has yet to establish a permanent constitution. With the independence of South Sudan and the expiration of the CPA interim constitution, Sudan needed to adopt a revised charter—which large segments of the Sudanese public regard as a unique opportunity to enshrine principles of good governance, and which would not be subject to change at the whims of successive governments.
To promote public participation and dialogue about constitutional reform in Sudan, USAID facilitates the sharing and exchange of information among civil society networks, dissemination of best practices about constitution-making processes and public education.
Last updated: May 10, 2013