Located off the southeast tip of India, Sri Lanka is an island nation roughly the size of West Virginia with a population of about 20 million. Following the 2004 tsunami and the end of a 26-year internal civil conflict in 2009, the country is now in a period of transition. These disasters left the country in crisis, with tens of thousands displaced from their homes, communities torn apart by conflict, a large number of the population disabled, damaged infrastructure and a paralyzed economy.
Today, the bulk of the displaced populations have returned to their communities in the former conflict areas of the North and East of the country and are trying to rebuild their lives. Post-conflict issues such as gender-based violence and child abuse threaten the social fabric of the country. Some of the areas worst affected by the conflict are still affected by land mines, which delays the resettlement process. Against this backdrop, maintaining the hard-won peace remains a challenge for Sri Lanka.
USAID is assisting the country and people of Sri Lanka by supporting reconciliation efforts focused on reintegrating internally displaced families, individuals and ex-combatants into society and productive livelihoods.
- Approximately one in 20 Sri Lankans has received USAID assistance to meet basic needs after conflict and natural disasters.
- USAID catalyzed the expansion of private sector investment in Sri Lanka’s former conflict zones, leverag-ing over $35 million from the private sector in support of economic revival.
- Thanks to USAID assistance, local authorities in the former Eastern con-flict zone developed and secured do-nor funding for more than 150 road, water and community infrastructure projects in 2011 and 2012.
DEMOCRACY, HUMAN RIGHTS AND GOVERNANCE
ECONOMIC GROWTH AND TRADE
WORKING IN CRISES AND CONFLICT
Last updated: November 04, 2013