Water plays a crucial role in supporting Lesotho’s economy, fueling the country’s agriculture, trade, and livelihoods. As climate change makes water cycles less predictable, Lesotho’s economy will have to adapt to changing rainfall patterns and water availability.
People living in the Limpopo River Basin in Southern Africa face water shortages, increased floods, and declines in crop productivity as climate change further stresses an already water limited region. Trans-boundary cooperation and action is needed to prevent further degradation of critical river ecosystems, to secure biodiversity and ecosystem services, and to support robust livelihoods in the basin.
USAID promotes improved rule of law and respect for human rights in Southern Africa. The program works to expand competencies, develop networks of human rights and rule of law defenders, and promote democratic principles and practices. In South Africa, USAID is supporting South Africa’s leadership in advancing stability in the region and addressing the critical human rights issue of gender-based.
Cooperation in transboundary water resource management is often confined to a single topic, such as electricity generation, fisheries, water quality or quantity with insufficient attention to tradeoffs and impacts for other resource users. There is a need to apply a more holistic approach to addressing broader environmental challenges, including pollution, soil erosion, deforestation, and ecosystem degradation, to ensure sustainable, healthy water catchments.
Last updated: March 10, 2014