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South Sudan environment
Despite the long civil war, South Sudan’s wildlife thrives
Paul Elkan/Wildlife Conservation Soceity

To increase household production and enable agribusiness development, national and state-level policies will need to be developed and implemented in a manner that catalyzes economic development while protecting the environment and natural resources. USAID is supporting these efforts.

Land Tenure and Property Rights

Insecurity of land tenure is a major barrier to investment and economic growth. South Sudan’s first comprehensive land policy, drafted with USAID assistance, is under review by the Government of South Sudan, and if enacted, will be implemented with USAID assistance. Meanwhile, USAID is assisting local government authorities in Jonglei, Western Equatoria and Central Equatoria states to address critical land policy issues affecting selected counties within their states.

Wildlife Conservation

USAID investments in protected areas and wildlife conservation not only protect natural resources, but also prevent and mitigate conflict. USAID’s work in South Sudan focuses on the sustainable management of livestock while protecting wildlife. Rural communities and groups, especially young pastoralist men who are susceptible to involvement in unrest, stand to benefit most. The program’s engagement with communities and government is helping to improve land use planning and zoning processing. This interaction also assists in identifying potential flashpoints for conflict, including disputes over grazing areas or land encroachment.

Last updated: August 12, 2014

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