The people of South Sudan are among the world’s poorest, with more than half the population living on less than $1 per day. While South Sudan has abundant natural resources, it is heavily dependent on oil. Agricultural development has the potential to not only diversify the economy, but also reduce poverty and food insecurity. While the vast majority of the population depends on agriculture, livestock, or forestry for their daily livelihoods, the sector provides less than 30 percent of gross domestic product. Large, fertile areas remain untouched by agricultural development. Lack of infrastructure and high transport costs make it difficult for farmers to compete in local markets.
USAID is taking a holistic approach to spurring agricultural development. Increasing household productivity, linking communities to markets, and building strategic partnerships will better enable South Sudanese to capture market opportunities, and thereby raise household incomes and reduce poverty. USAID works with core government institutions on policies and systems to improve agricultural productivity and investment.
Last updated: January 17, 2014