Somalia Fact Sheet

USAID’s Stabilization Objective in Somalia: To increase Somalia’s stability through targeted interventions that foster good governance, support economic recovery, and reduce the appeal of extremism.

Peace and Security

Transition Initiatives for Stabilization (TIS)
Total Estimated Cost: $115 million
Estimated Start- End date: 02/08/2010 – 03/21/2016
Promotes peace and stability in Somalia by building confidence in government institutions through improved services for the Somali people.
 
Democracy and Governance
Strengthening Somali Governance (SSG)
Total Estimated Cost: $22.8 million
Start- End date: 09/22/2014 – 9/30/2017
Supports political processes, parliament, and government formation.
 

Youth & Education
Somali Youth Learners Initiative (SYLI)
Total Estimated Cost: $39.0 million
Start- End date: 09/30/2011 – 09/29/2016
Empowers youth through both supply (education and skills training) and demand (economic opportunities, advocacy, and community service).

Economic Growth
Partnership for Economic Growth (PEG)
Total Estimated Cost: $20.9 million
Start- End date: 04/15/2011 – 08/31/2015
Promotes economic growth and stabilization in Somalia.

Health
Joint Health & Nutrition Program (JHNP)
Amount Obligated to Date: $3.3 million
Start- End date: 09/27/2012 - 03/26/2015
Carries out maternal and child health interventions in marginalized communities across Somalia.

Monitoring and Evaluation
Somalia Program Support Service (SPSS)
Total Estimated Cost: $24.0 million
Start- End date: 08/1/2014 – 07/31/2019
Provides monitoring and verification services at the community level; conducts evaluations, assessments and analyses; and manages a data clearinghouse in order to assure USAID investments in Somalia are effective.

Engineering Support
Somali Engineering and Architectural Support (SEAS)
Total Estimated Cost: $0.87 million
Start- End date: 09/25/2014 – 09/24/2019
Provides construction design and oversight for USAID activities


USAID Programs 2013 & 2014
USAID Development and Stabilization: $58.3 million (in 2014 only)
USAID/Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance: $102.9 million
USAID/Office of Food for Peace Assistance: $204.5 million

TOTAL: $365.7 million


 USAID’s Humanitarian Objective in Somalia:
To save lives, alleviate human suffering, and reduce the economic impact of disasters.

 Humanitarian Assistance
Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance
Amount Obligated for 2013-2014: $102.9 million
Start-End date: Based on humanitarian need
Provides assistance in health, nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene, agriculture and food security, protection, economic recovery and market systems, shelter and disaster risk reduction.

Food for Peace
Amount Obligated for 2013-2014: $204.5 million
Start-End date: Based on humanitarian need
Provides emergency food assistance through in-kind and market-based interventions to reduce food insecurity among the most vulnerable populations.


Background

  • USAID partnered with the Somali people over the past 20 years and is now strengthening that partnership as Somalis rebuild after decades of conflict.
  • On September 10, 2012, Hassan Sheikh Mohamoud was elected President through a democratic process.
  • The USG officially recognized the Government of Somalia on January 17, 2013.
  • UN-approved African Union Stabilization Force (AMISOM) has been active in Somalia since 2006.
  • Food security and nutrition conditions have improved since the height of the drought and famine in 2011- 2012, but Somalia continues to experience a significant humanitarian crisis.
  • Insecurity continues to limit humanitarian and development access.
  • More than one million people remain in crisis and emergency. An additional two million are classified as stressed and their food security remains fragile.
  • Recent security improvements in key urban areas of southern Somalia provide a critical opportunity to address urgent needs and promote early recovery; international complacency at this time would have serious implications for long-term stability and viability. 

Quick Facts

  • Area: 637,657 square km – slightly smaller than Texas
  • Pop: 10.25 million (May 2013 est.)
  • Religion: predominantly Sunni Muslim
  • Ethnic groups: Somali 85%, Bantu and other non- Somali 15% (including 30,000 Arabs)
  • Maternal mortality: 1,000 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
  • Infant mortality: 101.91 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 Est)
  • Literacy: 37%. Male: 50%, female: 26% (2001 est.)
  • GDP: $5.9 billion (2010 est.): agriculture: 59%, industry: 7%, services: 34% (2011 est.)

Source: CIA World Factbook:
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/so.html

 

Last updated: December 10, 2014

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