Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Sierra Leone

December 23, 2014

Food Security Situation 

Map of Sierra Leone
CIA World Factbook
  • The United Nations Development Program’s 2013 Human Development Index ranks Sierra Leone 177 out of 187 countries. The 1991-2002 civil war decimated much of the country’s capacity to deliver services to its citizens, and populations still struggle to maintain their food security. 

  • Currently, more than two thirds of the population of about six million lives below the poverty line, particularly in the Eastern and Northern regions. High poverty rates and unemployment, low food production, lack of infrastructure, low education levels, and insufficient sanitation continue to threaten Sierra Leone’s food security and nutrition.

  • The ongoing Ebola epidemic has further deteriorated an already weak health system and has increased food insecurity for many Ebola-affected households and other vulnerable communities throughout the country.

Food Assistance Programs

  • The Office of Food for Peace (FFP), in partnership with the UN World Food Program, is providing emergency food assistance to individuals, households, and communities directly affected by the Ebola outbreak in Sierra Leone.

  • FFP partners with the ACDI/VOCA on the Sustainable Nutrition and Agriculture Promotion (SNAP) Program, which aims to reduce food insecurity among vulnerable rural populations in the Bombali, Kailahun, Koinadugu, and Tonkolili districts. SNAP works with beneficiaries to build better knowledge and practices in nutrition and child feeding, improve health care access and service provision, and improve beneficiary livelihoods by training farmers in improved agricultural practices and technologies. ACDI/VOCA has responded to the Ebola crisis by supporting host government, UN World Health Organizations, and US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention efforts to prevent the transmission of Ebola, including by incorporating Ebola-focused messaging on prevention and treatment, training health workers on infection control and prevention, providing sanitation and hygiene materials to households and places of business, and supporting governments’ ministries of health through donations of office space and vehicles and fuel for contact tracing, information dissemination, and other Ebola-focused activities.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2014 $13.0 million 2,109 MT
Fiscal Year 2013 $9.5 million 1,960 MT
Fiscal Year 2012 $12.2 million 11,650 MT
Fiscal Year 2011 $11.9 million 12,400 MT
Fiscal Year 2010 $12.0 million 10,800 MT

Fiscal Year 2014 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development $11.4 million 1,220 MT
Title II Emergency $1.6 million 889 MT
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) ---- ----

Food Security Situation information is provided by UNDP and WFP as of December 2014
FY 2014 contribution based on funds awarded as of September 2014

Country Specific Guidance:

Last updated: December 23, 2014

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