With USAID assistance, in April 2013, newly empowered, multi-ethnic women’s groups in northern Sri Lanka embarked on new entrepreneurial endeavors, including a dry fish production and sales center, a food processing center, and a grinding mill. The new enterprises bring together Tamil and Muslim returnees from this war-affected area, encourage community integration and reconciliation, and offer new economic hope for the 345 women involved.
Thirty years of conflict in Sri Lanka’s northern region produced nearly 2,000 women-headed households in Mullaitivu District. The resettled population of 12,000 families in this area comprises both Tamil and Muslim returnees. With a dual purpose of providing livelihood opportunities for women and supporting peaceful reintegration for ethnically mixed communities, USAID’s Office of Transition Initiatives provided training to 10 women’s groups on business plan development, networking skills, advocacy, society management, book keeping and financial management. Nine of the 10 women’s groups then submitted business plans, of which USAID funded three for start-up.
Ragunathan Kalanidhi, president of her local Women's Rural Development Society, notes how the new grinding mill in Mulliyawalai will contribute to the community as whole: “This Society has been functional for a decade, through our displacement and after we returned. But until [USAID] came in with assistance, we had no funding,” she said. “The center has provided us with an excellent opportunity to bring in a regular income for our families, primarily our children.”
These activities will have a tangible impact on not just the 345 women directly involved, but on their communities. During the opening ceremony of the dry fish production and sales center, Kallappadu South women’s group President Janet Jeyarani said: “This center will support the rapid growth of our [women’s group] and help the community as a whole flourish.”
Last updated: September 11, 2013