Can Family Planning Change a Society?

Mayan women and one husband receive family planning counseling at the health center in Chimaltenango, southern Guatemala. Men’s
Mayan women and one husband receive family planning counseling at the health center in Chimaltenango, southern Guatemala. Men’s participation in these sessions is increasing rapidly.
USAID
Women and Men Know That by Spacing Children’s Births, Everyone in the Family is Better Off
“Family planning is a necessary service; people need it more than ever. This family planning chart saves me time during the counseling session. Thank you,” said an auxiliary nurse during a recent training session.

Challenge

For decades, studies have shown a high demand among Guatemalan couples for resources to help them make informed decisions and follow through on planning the number and spacing of their children. Yet, until five years ago, information on reproductive health and family planning was very difficult to find in Guatemala, particularly in rural areas. Political, religious, and cultural barriers that have long defined social behaviors stood in the way of couples’ ability to protect and plan their family’s health and wellbeing. This lack of access to family planning information and services brought Guatemala to its current position: it has highest fertility rates in the hemisphere.

Initiative

In 2000, USAID supported Guatemala’s health ministry in an historic step to position family planning for birth spacing as a key component of a new reproductive health plan. The initiative provides information and services to help couples make informed decisions. In its first year, the program trained more than 9,500 advisers in counseling techniques and safe contraceptive use for birth spacing. It established a solid infrastructure to get safe contraceptives to couples who opted to use them. This combination of thoughtful counseling, clear information, effective product supply, and accessible delivery points has enhanced decision-making among rural and urban couples for the first time in Guatemala’s history.

Results

Awareness of family planning has risen — 93.3 percent of women in union know about contraceptives and men are now more involved in decision-making. In Guatemala, contraceptive use increased from 23.2 percent in 1987 to 43.3 percent in 2002. Fertility rates fell from 5.1 children per woman in 1999 to 4.4 in 2002. The health ministry is now the largest contributor to family planning, providing 57 percent of contraceptives distributed nationwide, including to rural and indigenous populations previously not served. The program identified and responded to a demand for information and services for birth spacing, bringing welcome changes to thousands of families.

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Last updated: November 22, 2013

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