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June 6, 2014
Food Security Situation
On November 8, Typhoon Haiyan — known locally as Yolanda — made landfall in the central Philippines, bringing strong winds and heavy rains resulting in flooding, landslides, and widespread damage. One of the most powerful storms ever recorded, the typhoon affected 14.1 million people, with the islands of Cebu, Leyte and Samar particularly affected. Three months later more than 2.5 million continue to require food assistance.
Food Assistance Programs
USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (FFP) has partnered with the U.N. World Food Program (WFP) to provide emergency food assistance to approximately 3 million people through direct distribution of food, cash transfers, and food- and cash-for-assets activities supporting livelihoods. USAID/FFP was the first international agency to respond to WFP’s appeal for assistance and remains the largest donor to WFP’s humanitarian operation.
In responding quickly, USAID/FFP used a multi-faceted approach combining International Disaster Assistance (IDA) funds with prepositioned U.S.-sourced food commodities available for immediate dispatch by air and sea. WFP purchased 2,400 MT from the Philippines and 40 MT of high-energy biscuits from Dubai that were included in the Philippine government’s first food distributions five days after the storm’s landfall. Using Title II resources, USAID/FFP authorized the airlift from Miami of 55 MT of emergency food pastes and bars and the shipment of 1,020 MT of rice from its prepositioned warehouse in Sri Lanka.
Anticipating the need to transition from relief to recovery, USAID/FFP in December provided WFP with additional flexible funding and authorized the diversion to the Philippines of 5,000 MT of rice being loaded at port in the U.S. for another destination. In addition to more targeted food distributions for extremely vulnerable populations, WFP will use the second tranche of USAID/FFP support to initiate in late February food- and cash-for-asset activities focused on clearing and preparing land and irrigation channels for agriculture.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$20.1 million||8,515 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$6.5 million||5,500 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||----||----|
|Fiscal Year 2011||$7.3 million||7,090 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2010||$15.8 million||15,200 MT|
Fiscal Year 2014 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||---||----|
|Title II Emergency||$8.6 million||6,075 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||$11.5 million||2,440 MT|
Note: MT: Metric Tons; EFSP: Emergency Food Security Program; FFP: Food for Peace; WFP: World Food Program. Food security information provided by WFP and the U.N. Office of Conflict and Humanitarian Affairs as of February 2014.
FY14 contribution based on funds obligated as of May 2014.
Success Story: Food and Cash Aid = Quick Response to Typhoon in Philippines
Last updated: June 25, 2014