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History

For more than 60 years, the United States and Pakistan have worked together to forge a relationship that benefits the people of both countries.  This cooperation produced transformative ideas and institutions that are still being considered landmark accomplishments to this day.  This cooperation is fostering Pakistan’s economic and social progress as well as reinforcing the country’s role in the world.  

In 1947, the United States was one of the first countries to recognize and welcome an independent Pakistan and extended considerable assistance to support the establishment of key institutions for the new country.  U.S.-supported projects include such premier Pakistani’s schools as the Institute for Business Administration and the Jennah Post-Graduate Medical Center, as well as construction of several power plants.  
 
In the 1960s and ’70s, the United States was a major donor to fund two monumental dams - Mangla and Tarbela that soon accounted for 70 percent of the country’s power output.  Cooperation between American and Pakistani specialists also included the Indus Basin Project, Faisalabad Agricultural institute, and a variety of other efforts that laid path to Pakistan’s Green Revolution.
 
In the 1980s and early 1990s, the United States helped build the Guddu Power Station in Sindh and the Lahore University for Management Sciences, a university which is now considered the nation’s top business school, producing leaders and innovative thinkers critical to Pakistan’s future. The United States also funded efforts to improve thousands of watercourses and canals, construction of fertilizer plants to reduce the reliance on imports, and a huge reforestation effort. Meanwhile, imports of wheat and cotton to prevent food shortages and disruption of priority industries to help Pakistan minimize the impact of the 1984 draught.
 
Starting 2002, U.S. assistance focused on improving basic education, health services, financing to small entrepreneurs, and civil society collaboration with their government representatives on social and economic issues. Through 2004, assistance was channeled via budget support to the Government of Pakistan.
 
In October 2009, the passage of the Enhanced Partnership with Pakistan Act by the U.S. Congress, also known as the Kerry-Lugar-Berman Bill, launched a new era of development collaboration between the two countries.  Since that time, over $3.5 billion worth of support has been delivered to Pakistan through U.S. civilian assistance programs focusing on energy, economic growth (including agriculture), community infrastructure in areas affected by violence, education, and health.

Last updated: August 07, 2014

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