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The United States funds large-scale energy projects to provide electricity to three million households by 2014 in Pakistan.

Energy Pakistan

The goals of USAID’s energy programs in Pakistan are: expanding production capacity, increasing distribution efficiencies, and supporting reform of the sector.  This multi-prong approach aims to address both the immediate energy shortages and help the country build longer-term energy sufficiency.  

The United States is committed to working with the Government of Pakistan toward a brighter future for the people of Pakistan.  Relieving Pakistan’s energy crisis is one of our top assistance priorities. Together, we are carrying out large-scale energy projects that have already added 1,000 megawatts to the power grid – enough power to supply electricity to more than two million households (more than 16 million people).  An additional 200 megawatts will be added to that by 2014. 
Out of the 800 megawatts that U.S.-funded projects have brought for Pakistani businesses and families, approximately 700 megawatts were added through renovation of the Tarbela Dam in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, the Jamshoro Thermal Power Plant in Sindh, and the Muzaffargharh Thermal Power Plant in Punjab as well as construction of the Satpara Dam in Gilgit-Baltistan. 
The Satpara Dam that the United States is helping to complete is already producing 13.8 megawatts of power.  Once fully operational, the dam will generate 17.6 megawatts, mitigate flooding, store water for irrigation, and provide 3.1 million gallons of water per day for homes throughout the Skardu Valley. 
At the Muzaffargharh Thermal Power Plant, the U.S.-financed rehabilitation has restored 480 megawatts in production capacity that had been lost over the years due to the aging of the equipment. USAID has helped to repair and replace worn-out equipment, modernize technologies, and conduct maintenance to minimize break downs and restore lost productivity.  With U.S. funding, Pakistan has also restored 150 megawatts in production capacity at Jamshoro and 128 megawatts at Tarbela. 
The United States and Pakistan are also cooperating on the completion of the Gomal Zam Dam in South Waziristan and renovation of the Guddu Thermal Power Plant in Sindh.  Gomal Zam will add 17.4 megawatts in power production, while Guddu – 75 megawatts.
The Government of Pakistan and key stakeholders – including the private sector – are working to promote policy reform with U.S. support.  The ultimate goal is for Pakistan to eliminate the need for subsidies and mitigate pressures contributing to the country's current energy crisis, including the so-called “circular debt.” 
USAID is working with power distribution companies to improve their governance and management systems and upgrade equipment and maintenance of distribution network so that those losses are cut down to the minimum.  
Over the past three years, USAID helped distribution companies install 1,700 capacitors and introduce other modern technologies that increase the amount of power that reaches the consumers.  Computerized planning operations have optimized the scheduling of power supply. Training of 2,000 linemen has improved maintenance of the lines, while electronic meters and automated meter reading equipment are improving the billing systems.
USAID also helped farmers replace 2,500 outdated agricultural water pumps with modern models that use much less energy to extract the same amount of water for farms. Last year, this effort was extended to the public sector, where 135 government-owned pumps have been replaced to date with energy-saving models. 
These loss-reduction activities have already saved nearly 100 megawatts for the national grid, meaning that more power is able to reach Pakistani homes and businesses. 


Last updated: August 07, 2014

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