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Energy

The United States funds large-scale energy projects to provide electricity to three million households by 2016 in Pakistan.

Gomal Zam Dam
Gomal Zam dam located in South Waziristan Agency of Federally Administered Tribal Areas, Pakistan.
USAID Pakistan
The goals of USAID’s energy programs in Pakistan are: expanding production capacity, increasing distribution efficiencies, and supporting reform of the sector.  This multi-prong approach aims to address both the immediate energy shortages and help the country build longer-term energy sufficiency.  
 
The United States is committed to working with the Government of Pakistan toward a brighter future for the people of Pakistan.  Relieving Pakistan’s energy crisis is one of our top assistance priorities. Together, we are carrying out large-scale energy projects that have already added/saved about 1, 600 megawatts to the system – enough power to supply electricity to more than two million households (about 16 million people).
 
TURNING THE LIGHTS ON: INCREASING ENERGY PRODUCTION
 
Out of the 1500 megawatts that U.S.-funded projects have brought for Pakistani businesses and families, about 900 Megawatts were added through renovation and rehabilitation of Tarbela Dam in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, the Jamshoro Thermal Power Plant in Sindh, the Muzaffargharh Thermal Power Plant in Punjab and Guddu Power Plant.
The United States has helped to complete Satpara Dam in Gilgit Baltistan and Gomal Zam in South Waziristan; both of the projects are generating 35 Megawatts of power and will help mitigate floods, store water for irrigation, and provide million gallons of water per day for use.
 
THE POWER OF CHANGE: SUPPORTING POLICY REFORMS
 
The Government of Pakistan and key stakeholders – including the private sector – are working to promote policy reform with U.S. support.  The ultimate goal is for Pakistan to eliminate the need for subsidies and mitigate pressures contributing to the country's current energy crisis, including the so-called “circular debt.”
 
LOAD MANAGEMENT: SMART METERS
 
To overcome the energy load management issue, USAID installed Automatic Meter Reading meters on every grid station in Pakistan. These Meters are now sending real time data to newly constructed Power Distribution Control Centers. These centers are now able to regulate the flow of electricity, reducing unscheduled power outages by 94% which ensures the fair distribution of electricity and transparency.
 
SAVINGS THAT COUNT: REDUCING DISTRIBUTION LOSSES
 
USAID is working with power distribution companies to improve their governance and management systems and upgrade equipment and maintenance of distribution network so that those losses are cut down to the minimum. 124 megawatts and about 157 million dollars revenue has been saved throughout the DISCOs improvements.
 
Over the past three years, USAID helped distribution companies install 22000 capacitors and introduce other modern technologies that increase the amount of power that reaches the consumers.  Computerized planning operations have optimized the scheduling of power supply. Training of over 2,000 linemen has improved maintenance of the lines, while electronic meters and automated meter reading equipment are improving the billing systems.
 
USAID also helped farmers replace 2,400 old pumps with new efficient pumps. This effort was extended to the public and industrial sector, where 210 government-owned pumps have been replaced in Islamabad and Karachi and about 1500 motors in industries have been replaced which has resulted in about 13 megawatts energy savings in industry sector.

Last updated: June 17, 2015

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